• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

The effect of cement as lime on rosette disease and cercospora leaf spot on groundnut grain yield

Alimamy Fornah , Alusaine Samura , Yaema Fornah


International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-4,Issue-4, July - August 2020, Pages 168-183, 10.22161/ijhaf.4.4.6

Download | Downloads : 4 | Total View : 461

Share

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of the world’s major food legume crops that is severely affected by early leaf spot and groundnut rosette disease in Sierra Leone. The recent decline in yields of groundnut in Sierra Leone has been associated with the low calcium application. Therefore, a study was conducted to assess the potential of cement as lime in ameliorating rosette disease problem and low yield of groundnut in Sierra Leone. This experiment was conducted under field conditions at Njala, Kori chiefdom. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with five (5) treatment of cement application (0, 50, 100, 200 & 400 kg/ha). Disease severity for the rosette leaf spot was assessed based on a 1-3 scale while cercospora leaf spot was 1-9 scale for 39 high yielding groundnut lines. The application of cement at 0, 50, 100, 200, & 400 kg/ha did not have any significant influence on the incidence and severity of rosette or cercospora diseases. However, the improved lines ICGV 1954, ICGV 7445, ICGV UGA 2, ICGV 10900, ICGV 6284, ICGV 7437, and ICGV 9407 produced significantly higher yields and good resistance to cercospora leaf spot and groundnut rosette disease and were selected as potential candidates for release and future breeding programs. This study showed that cement could not be used as a control for early leaf spot and rosette disease. Therefore, farmers should plant groundnut varieties that are resistant to cercospora leaf spot and rosette disease for higher yields.

Groundnut, Cement, Lime, Cercospora Leaf Spot, Groundnut Rosette.

[1] A.F. Murant, R. Rajeshwari, D.J Robinson,and J.HRaschke “ A Satellite RNA of groundnut rosette virus that is largely responsible for symptoms of groundnut rosette diseases”. Longman group limited, London 2000, pp 213-215
[2] A.Fornah, J. Dhillon and W. Raun“Changes in Check Plot Yields over Time in Three Long-Term Winter Wheat Experiments” Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 2020, 51(2), 297-306.
[3] A.Gifterist“The uses of groundnut for medicinal processes and their effect on human health” Longman, London 2010, pp 234-235
[4] A.Krapovickas.“The origin, variability and spread of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) In: The domestication and exploitation of plants and animals” Duckworth, London, U.K 2000, pp 424-440
[5] A.Taliansky, L.J Reddy, andM.E Ferguson, “The effect of groundnut rosette assistor virus on the agronomic performance of four groundnut genotypes” 2000, pp 23-25
[6] Crop Production Guidelines for Sierra Leone 2005 Pp 42-46.
[7] D.H Smith “A simple method for producing Mycosphaerella arachidis Deighton conidial inoculum”. Phytopathology 2006, vol 61: pp 141
[8] D.V.R Reddy“Groundnut viruses and virus diseases: distribution, identification and control” Review of plant pathology,2000, vol 70 pp 665-677.
[9] E.A.Weiss “Agrometeology and groundnut production”. Macmillan group limited press, London 2004, pp 89
[10] F. Aseidu“The effect of leaf spot on the yield and quality of the groundnut crop” Longman group limited, London, England. 2006, pp 64
[11] Food and Agriculture Organization “FAO statistical yearbook”2005.
[12] I.Aquilar, J. Manjarrez, and M. Bannayan“A global mapping system for bambana, groundnut” FAO monograph, Chapman and Hall, London. 2001, pp 56.
[13] I.Godfrey and P.E.Olorunju“Yield stability and Resistance to leaf spot diseases and rosette in groundnut” Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 45, 2009 (1):18-25
[14] J.W. Purseglove “Tropical crops” Dicotyledons, Longman, London 1988, pp 196-232
[15] K.A. GomezandA.AGomez. “Statistical procedures for Agricultural Research” 2nd ed. Wiley, New York, USA 1984 pp 222.
[16] M.D. Alegbejo, “ Survey of the effect of imtercropping of groundnut with cereals on the incidence of groundnut rosette virus disease in Northern Nigeria”. Internation Arachis Nwesletter, 1997, Vol 17,pp 39-40
[17] M.T Lahai, andM.T. Moseray“Production of pure groundnut seeds. A taining manual prepared for CARE on farm training in the Moyamba District”, Sierra Leone Journal, 2001pp 11
[18] N.Murata “Seed borne viruses base on detection, identification on the groundnut seeds”. Journal of plant pathology, Cambridge University, London 2000, pp 231-233
[19] P.J.A. Van der Merwe and P. Subrahmanyan, “Screening of rosette-resistance early groundnut breeding lines for yield and other characteristics” International Arachis Nwesletter,1997, vol 17: 23-24.
[20] P.Kirk “Fungorum. International Mycological Institute” 2004 available at http://www.indexfungorum.org.
[21] P.Subrahmanyam, G.LHilelebrand, andA.K. Singh “Screening for resistance to groundnut rosette” Oxford University press, London 2003, pp 78-79
[22] Ramanatha Rao “Botany, In: Groundnut” (Reddy, P.S., ed.). Indian Council of Research, New Delhi, 2003, pp 24-64
[23] R.T.Odell, W. Dijkerman,S.W. Van Vuure., S. Melsted, A.H. Beavers, P.M. Sutton, L.T. Kurtz and R. Miedema “Characteristic classification and adaptation of soils in selected areas in Sierra Leone” West Africa. Bulletin 748, Agricultural Experiment Station, College of Agriculture, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign: Bulletin 4, Njala University College, University of Sierra Leone 1974, pp 89-97
[24] S.N. Nigam, R.Serraj, and M.J.V. Reddy “To compare efficiency of physiological trait-based and emperial selection approaches for drought tolerance in groundnut” Publishing company, Connecticut, USA 2004, pp 45-46
[25] S. Pande and N.J Rao “Resistance of wild Arachis species to late leaf spot and rust in green house trial”. Plant Disease,2001, vol 85, pp 85-86
[26] Surgical critical care.net“Injury severity scoring”. www.sugarcalcriticalcare.net/resources/injury 2001.
[27] W.R., Raun, J.Dhillon, L. Aula, E.Eickhoff, G.Weymeyer, B.Figueirdeo, T. Lynch, P. Omara, E. Nambi, F. Oyebiyi and A. Fornah.“Unpredictable nature of environment on nitrogen supply and demand”. Agronomy Journal, 2019, 111(6), 2786-2791.
[28] W.Raun, B. Figueiredo, J.Dhillon, A. Fornah, J.Bushong, H. Zhang and R. Taylor “Can yield goals be predicted”?. Agronomy Journal, 2017, 109(5), 2389-2395.