Moustafa M.S. Bakry
International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-4,Issue-2, March - April 2020, Pages 14-20, 10.22161/ijhaf.4.2.1
Download | Downloads : 2 | Total View : 459
The aim of the present study was to examine the spatial distribution for monitoring populations of Parlatoria oleae (Colvee) (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) infesting mango trees during two successive years (2016–2018) in Luxor Governorate, Egypt. The obtained results showed that insect population of P. oleae occurred on mango trees all the year round and has three peaks of seasonal activity per year, which was recorded in October, April and July during the first year (2016/2017) and through in November, April and July during the second year (2017/2018). Data were analyzed using twenty one distribution indices. All indices of distribution indicated significant aggregation behaviour in each year, except, the K values of the negative binomial distribution of the total P. oleae population ranged about 15-17 for each year during the two successive years, indicating random behavior. The results of this research can be used to draft monitoring methods for this pest and establishing IPM strategies for P. oleae.
 Asfoor, M.A. (1997): Seasonal abundance and control of plum scale insect Parlatoria oleae (Cloveé) on some deciduous trees. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. Agric., Zagazig Univ., Egypt, 398 pp.  Bakr, R.F.A.; R.M. Badawy; S.F.M. Mousa; L.S. Hamooda and S.A. Atteia (2009): Ecological and taxonomic studies on the scale insects that infest mango trees at Qalubyia Governorate Egypt. Acad. J. biolog. Sci., 2 (2): 69- 89 pp.  Bakry, M.M.S. (2018): Abundance, generation determination and spatial distribution pattern of the sunt wax scale insect, Waxiella mimosae (Signoret) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) infesting sunt trees in Luxor Governorate, Egypt. Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research 4(3): 523-538 pp.  Bala, K. and S. Kumar (2018): Population density and spatial distribution of bean bug Chauliops fallax Sweet & Schaeffer (Hemiptera: Malcidae) on different legume crops under mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 6(4): 1514-1518 pp.  Binns, M.R. Nyrop, J.P. and W. Van Der Werf (2000): Sampling and Monitoring in Crop Protection: the Theoretical Basis for Developing Practical Decision Guides. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, U.K. 284 pp.  Cassie, R.M. 1962. Frequency distribution models in the ecology of plankton and other organisms. Journal of Animal Ecology 31(1): 65-92.  Chellappan, M.; L. Lawrence, P. Indhu, T. Cherian, S. Anitha, and T. Jimcymaria (2013): Host range and distribution pattern of papaya mealy bug, Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on selected Euphorbiaceae hosts in Kerala. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 51(1-2): 51-59 pp.  Cho, K.; J.H. Lee, J.J. Park, J.K. Kim and K.B. Uhm (2001): Analysis of spatial pattern of greenhouse cucumbers using dispersion index and spatial autocorrelation. Applied Entomology and Zoology 36(1): 25-32 pp.  Costa, M.G.; J.C. Barbosa, P.T. Yamamoto and R.M. Leal (2010): Spatial distribution of Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) in citrus orchards. Scientia Agricola 67: 546-554 pp.  David, F.N. and P.G. Moor (1954): Notes on contagious distribution in plant populations, Ann. Bot, 18: 47–53 pp.  Debouzie, D. and J. Thioulouse (1986): Statistics to find spatial and temporal structures in populations. In: Mangel M (ed) Pest control: operations and systemanalysis in fruit flymanagement, vol G11, NATO ASI Series. Springer, Berlin, 263–282 pp.  El-Amir, S.M. (2002): Environmentally safe approaches for controlling some scale insects infesting olive trees in new reclaimed areas. M.Sc. Thesis Fac. Agric., Al-Azhar Univ., Egypt, 92 pp.  El-Hakim, A.M. and E.I. Helmy (1982): Survey and population studies on olive leaf pests in Egypt. Bull. Entomol. Soc., Egypt, 64: 213-220 pp.  Ezz, N.A. (1997): Ecological studies on plum scale insect, Parlatoria oleae and its parasitoid Aphytis sp. on deciduous trees. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. Agric., Cairo Univ., 148 pp.  Feng, M.G. and R.M. Nowierski (1992): Spatial distribution and sampling plans for four species of cereal aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) infesting spring wheat in southwestern Idaho. J. of Econ. Entomol., 85: 830-837 pp.  Feng, M.G.; R.M. Nowierski; Z. Zeng and A.L. Scharen (1993): Estimation of population density of the Russian wheat aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) from the proportion of grain tillers with the different tally threshold of aphids. J. of Econ. Entomol., 86: 427-435 pp.  Green, R.H. (1966): Measurement of non-randomness in spatial distribution. Res. Population Ecol. 8:1–17 pp.  Hassan, A. SH.; M.M. Mansour and M.A. EI-Deeb (2009): Seasonal abundance of the plum scale insect, Parlatoria oleae (Colvee) (Homoptera: Diaspididae) on the olive trees in newly reclaimed areas. Egypt. J. Agric. Res., 87(3): 691-715 pp.  Hillhouse, T.L. and H.N. Pitre (1974): Comparison of sampling techniques to obtain measurements of insect populations on soybeans. J. Econ. Entomol., 67: 411-414 pp.  Li, N.; Q. CHEN, J. Zhu., X. Wang, J.B. Huang and G.H. Huang (2017): Seasonal dynamics and spatial distribution pattern of Parapoynx crisonalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) on water chestnuts. PLoS One 12 (9): 1-13 pp.  Lloyd, M. (1967): Mean crowding. J. Animal Eco., 36: 1– 30 pp.  MSTATC (1980): A Microcomputer Program of the Design Management and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experiments. Michigan State Univ., USA.  Naeimamini, S.; H. Abbasipour and S. Aghajanzadeh (2014): Spatial distribution of the cottony camellia scale, Pulvinaria floccifera (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in the tea orchards. J. of Plant Prot. Res., 54 (1): 44-52 pp.  Southwood, T.R.E. (1995): Ecological methods, with particular reference to the study of insect population Chapman and Hall, London.  Southwood, T.R.E. and P.A. Henderson (2000): Ecological methods. 3rd ed. Blackwell Sciences, Oxford.  Taylor, L.R. (1984): Assessing and interpreting the spatial distributions of insect populations. Ann. Rev. Entomol., 29: 321-357 pp.  Wearing, C.H (1988): Evaluating the IPM implementation process. Ann. Rev. Entomol., 33:17-38 pp.