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International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Role of Agricultural Extension in Climate Change Adaptation in Cameroon

Defang Taku Julie , Amungwa F.A , Manu I.

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-1, Issue-3, September - October 2017, Pages 21-26, 10.22161/ijhaf.1.3.5

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Worldwide climate change is being acknowledged and climate governing bodies have documented the means through which it is manifesting itself. Adaptation helps farmers guard against losses resulting from climate change. Adaptation depends on the stock of knowledge of farmers as a result of exposure to media, other farmers and especially extension agents. This research seeks to ascertain the role of agricultural extension in building adaptive capacity of farmers to ensure their livelihood. A sample of 680 farmers and 15 extension agents in Tombel, Muyuka and Konye subdivisions of southwest region-Cameroon were administered questionnaires. Some adaptation measures outlined by farmers were change in crop variety, agro-forestry, treatment of suckers with mocap chemical, replanting failed farms, use of fertilizer and picking up black pods and capsids of cocoa. The adaptation measures were mostly learned from other farmers as farmers affirmed that extension was not assisting them in adaptation. Extension agents attributed their passive commitment to absence of an extension package on climate change for MINADER. Also, absence of seminars or workshops for capacity building of agents limits their knowledge on adaptation measures to disseminate to farmers in regard to the different climate change indicators.

Climate change; Extension; Adaptation; Knowledge; Livelihood.

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