• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Effect of Plant Extracts and Packaging Materials on Prolonging Shelf Life and Maintaining Quality of Mandarin (Citrus reticulate Blanco.)

Bibek Acharya , Binod Joshi , Rajendra Regmi , Nirmal Poudel

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-4,Issue-2, March - April 2020, Pages 29-39, 10.22161/ijhaf.4.2.3

Download | Downloads : 9 | Total View : 545


An experiment was conducted in Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with four replications and seven treatments, from Jan-Mar 2019 at ambient room condition (14.42±1.28°C, 58.46±3.46% RH) to evaluate the effect of different postharvest treatments on maintaining shelf life and quality of mandarin. The seven treatment used during experiment were Control, Titepati leaf extract (10% w/v), Marigold flower extract (10% w/v), Asuro leaf extract (10% w/v), Neem leaf extract (10% w/v), Newspaper wrapping and Perforated plastic. The parameters like juice recovery percentage, total soluble solid (TSS) and pH were taken from destructive sample at every 5 days interval and other parameters like physiological weight loss, pathological disorder, marketability and shelf life were observed from non-destructive at every 4 days interval. Post-harvest treatment with perforated plastic had minimum physiological loss in weight (16.32%) whereas control had highest physiological loss in weight (35.47 %) which is statistically at par with Newspaper wrapping (33.28%). Highest juice recovery percentage was recorded in perforated plastic (36.12%) whereas lowest juice recovery percentage was recorded in treatment control (26.70%) which was statistically at par with Newspaper wrapping (27.24%). At the end of storage period, the highest TSS content (16.03°Brix) was recorded in treatment control which was statistically at par with treatment Marigold flower extract (15.30°Brix) whereas lowest TSS was recorded in perforated plastic (13.43°Brix) which was statistically at par with treatments Newspaper wrapping (14.18°Brix), Neem leaf extract (14.53°Brix), Asuro leaf extract (14.33°Brix) and Titepati leaf extract treated (14.53°Brix). The pH was found highest in treatment control than that of other treatment throughout the storage period whereas low marketability rating (2.25), low pathological disorder rating (2.75) and longest postharvest life (62 days) was found in treatment perforated plastic.

Mandarin, Post-harvest, Plant extracts, Perforated Plastic.

Adhikari, S. (2006). In Proceedings of postharvest management of fruit and vegetables in Asia-Pacific Region (p. 312). India: Asian Productivity Organization.
[2] Bhattarai, R. R., Rijal, R. K., & Mishra, P. (2013). Post-harvest losses in mandarin orange:A case study of Dhankuta District Nepal. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 763-767.
[3] Chauhan, H., & Joshi, H. (1990). Evaluation of phyto extracts for control of mango anthracnose.
[4] Gakhukar, R. (1996). Commercial and industrial aspects of neem based pesticide.
[5] Hoque, M., Chowhan, S., & Kamruzzaman, M. (2017). Physiological Changes And shelf life of Manfo (Mangifera indica) Influenced By Post-harvest Treatments. SAARC J. Agri, 219-226 .
[6] Islam, M., Khan, M., Sarkar, M., Absar, N., & Sarkar, S. (2013). Changes in Acidity, TSS, and Sugar Content at Different Storage Periods of the Postharvest Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Influenced by Bavistin DF. International Journal of Food Science .
[7] Kalimati Fruits And Vegetable Market Development Board. (2069). Kalimati Fruits And Vegetable Market Development Board. Retrieved from http://kalimatimarket.gov.np/about-us
[8] Karki, P. (2003). Effect of post-harvest treatments with neem leaf extract, oil emulsion, MH and their combination on shelf-life of mandarin (Citrus reticulata Balanco).
[9] Khumlert, R. (1992). Effect of gibberellic acid (GA3) on some physico-chemical characteristics of Kheaw and Sawoey mango fruit.
[10] Makeredza, B., Sibiya, J., & Madakadze, R. (2005). The effect of garlic, ginger and turmeric extracts on bean seed borne Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli. (pp. 325-329). Afri. Crop Sci. Confe. Proceed.
[11] MoAD. (2016). Statistical Information and Nepalese Agriculture. Singhdurbar, Kathmandu,Nepal: Agri Statistics Section,Agribusiness Promotion and Statistics Division,Ministry of Agriculture Development.
[12] Parveen, S., Wani, A., Bhat, M., Pala, S., & Ganie, A. (2014). Biology and management of Aspergillus niger Van Tiegh. causing black mold rot of pear (Pyrus communis L.) in Kashmir Valley. International Journal of Advanced Research, 24-34.
[13] Rathore, H., Masud, T., Sammi, S., & Soomro, A. (2007). Effect of storage on physico-chemical composition and sensory properties of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) variety Dosehari. Pakistan J. Nutrition, 143-148.
[14] Rokaya, P. R. (2017, December). Effect Of Altitude And Various Pre And Postharvest Factors On Quality And Shelflife Of Mandarin(Citrus reticulata,Blanco)(Pd.D. thesis). Agriculture And Forestry University,Rampur,Chitwan,Nepal.
[15] Shrestha. (2001). Citrus Orchard Establishment and Management Technology.
[16] Shrestha, G., Shakya, S., Baral, D., & Gautam, D. (1993). Effect of packaging on post harvest life of mandarin.
[17] Singh, J., & Acharya, P. (2000). Effect of GA and plant extracts on the storage life behavior of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Langra. 140–143.
[18] Singh, J., & Acharya, P. (2000). Effect of GA3 and plant extracts on storage behavior of mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. ‘Langra’. Hort. Sci., 29(3-4): 199-200., 199-200.