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International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Understanding the mangrove-associated avifauna and their conservation status in the Gorai Creek, Western Mumbai, Maharashtra, India: A Recent Study

Vidya Padmakumar , Shine P Joseph

Article Info: Received: 20 Apr 2022; Received in revised form: 10 May 2022; Accepted: 18 May 2022; Available online:23 May 2022

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DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.6.3.1

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

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The research was conducted from June 2017 to June 2019 to better understand the diversity and current state of the avifauna in the Gorai Creek region. 96 species belonging to 39 families from 16 orders, including terrestrial and aquatic birds, were identified as surviving near the stream over the two-year research period, including residents, migratory, common, uncommon, and unusual species. 64 species were permanent birds, 28 were winter migrants, 4 were summer migrants, 23 were uncommon, 57 were common, and 16 were rare. Anatidae, Ardeidae, Cuculidae, Accipitridae, Sturnidae, Strigidae, Laridae, Charadridae, Scolopacidae, and Rallidae were the most regularly observed bird families. The extensive mangrove cover around the creek provided food for all the birds. The ferry system to Gorai village, as well as the Essel World Park, has been seen to mildly impair the birds' breeding and foraging. Seasonal changes have a significant impact on bird numbers. Except for the ferry system, anthropogenic disturbances are quite minimal in the area, therefore the creek has less pollution and dense mangrove foliage, which shelters the avifauna that thrives in the zone.

Aquatic birds, Avifauna, creek, Gorai, mangroves.

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