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International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

The Norwegian Health Care System: A Historical Perspective

D A K Perera

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-5,Issue-4, July - August 2021, Pages 1-6, 10.22161/ijreh.5.4.1

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Article Info: Received: 03 Jul 2021; Received in revised form: 01 Aug 2021; Accepted: 09 Aug 2021; Available online: 17 Aug 2021


In Norway, since the infirmary in 1164, the first facility for ill, various institutions with different focuses and objectives were established until the end of the 18th century. In the late 1700s, the first institution with some features of a modern hospital was established. During the 19th century, disease burden of Tuberculosis and Leprosy were the main factors that decided the health care delivery model in Norway. Although the Health Act of 1860 gave the direction for the Norwegian health care system for more than 120 years, health system of Norway has undergone several vital reforms and changes during the last two centuries. After the World War ii, Norway was built on the principles of welfare with the influence of ideologies of the Norwegian politicians and diplomats exiled to the Britain during the Nazi occupation. The development of current health system organization and structure was mostly influenced by the socialist political vision of Dr Karl Evangs, the powerful health director of Norway from 1938 to 1972. This perspective explores the historical background, builds and expansion of hospital system, health care leadership and management and reforms in health care in Norway.

Public health, Welfare state, History of health system, Build & expansion, Leadership & management, Reforms

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