• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8678

International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

The Link between Rural-Urban Migration of Youth and Crime in Anyigba Town, Kogi State-Nigeria

Venatus V. Kakwagh

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-3,Issue-3, May - June 2019, Pages 86-91, 10.22161/ijreh.3.3.2

Download | Downloads : 8 | Total View : 1785


This study was conducted to establish the link between rural-urban migration of youth and crime in Anyigba town of Dekina local government area of Kogi State- Nigeria. Data were collected through the application of structured questionnaire and personal interviews. The study has established that in Nigeria, the youths migrate from the rural areas to the cities due to the general lack of socio-economic facilities that would vitalize social life. It has shown that on getting into the urban centres, they face the problem of unemployment in the formal sector and therefore end up in the informal sector where incomes are low and intermittent. It has noted that due to the low incomes in the informal sector and their intermittent nature, these migrant youths get engaged in unlawful livelihood means. The study has thus recommended that since rural Nigeria is essentially rural and depend on agriculture, agriculture should be modernized. Modernization of agriculture could yield substantial benefits. For example, modernising agriculture will create new job opportunities in production, distribution, processing and other related services. Modernization of agriculture will provide the ‘pull’ needed to keep the young people on the land instead of migrating to the cities. Millions of Nigerian youth enter the labour market daily facing huge challenges especially unemployment. Therefore, the federal, state and local governments should provide the rural areas with more resources. Policies should be formulated to target the youth who are leaving the rural areas. Emphasis should be on entrepreneurship. In Nigeria, rural areas are not being provided with enough opportunities and are losing their young people. This has serious socio-economic consequences. Therefore, rural infrastructures such as electricity, water, roads, educational institutions, etc should be provided in the rural areas to make the young people to remain in the rural areas. The migrant youths are always normal people when they leave their villages but meet abnormal situations in the cities. Their actions are therefore a response to the abnormal situations. Therefore, effective policing by both the community and other security agencies should be intensified so as to limit the freedom these youths have in expressing their dispositions and desires.

Rural; Urban; Migration; Youth, Crime.

[1] African Development Bank (2012) Urbanization in Africa. Africa Development Group
[2] Ango, A.K., Ibrahim, S.A., Yakubu, A.A. and Usman T. (2014) Determination of socio-economic factors influencing youth rural-urban migration in Sokoto state. Journal of Human Ecology 45(3) 223-231
[3] Aworemi, J.R.,Abdul-Azeez, I.A and Poola, N.A (2011) an appraisal of the factors influencing rural-Urban migration in some selected local government areas of Lagos State. Journal of Sustainable Development 4(3)136-141
[4] Awumbila, Mariama (2015) Linkages between urbanization, rural-urbanization migration and poverty outcomes in Africa. Background paper; World Migration Report/ International Organization for Migration 2014
[5] Faris, E.L (1955) Social Disorganization 2nd edition. New York; the Ronald Press Company
[6] Indexmundi (2018) Nigeria urban population. indexmundi.com/facts/nigeria/indicators/SP.URB.TOTL.IN.ZS
[7] Khanam, Taslima (2016) Threat perception of the rural-urban migration as a linkage to the rise of crime: Bangladesh Perspectives. IIUC Studies 13 pp 69-82
[8] Pam, Y.D (2014) Rural-urban migration among youths in Nigeria: The impacts on agricultural and rural development. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 19(3) 120-123
[9] Sampson, R.J. (1993) The community context of violent crime; in Sociology and the Public Agenda. Edited by William Julius Wilson. Newbury Park, CA: Sage publications
[10] Shaw, C.R & Mckay, H.D (1942) Juvenile delinquency and urban areas: a study of rates of delinquents in relation to differential characteristics of local communities in American cities. Chicago; The University of Chicago Press.
[11] The United Nations (2013) Population Division, Cross National Comparisons of Internal Migration: an Update on global patterns and trends. UN Department of Economic and Social affairs, Population Division
[12] The United Nations (2016) International Migration Report, 2015. UN Department of Economic and Social affairs, Population Division