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International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

Spatial Typo-morphology of Residential House in Supporting to the Resilience of the Indigenous Settlement in the Sub-urban Area, Case: Enclave Settlement in the New Town of Gading Serpong

Mohammad Ischak , Bambang Setioko , Dedes Nurgandarum

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-2,Issue-3, May - June 2018, Pages 46-55, 10.22161/ijreh.2.3.6

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The growth of the city of Jakarta is marked among others by the development of new towns in the surrounding areas including Tangerang. The growth of this city establishes the character of a distinctive sub-urban area emphasizing on indigenous settlement that retains its rural character. The form of pressure in terms of land acquisition and land development by new town developers concerning vacant land and indigenous settlement areas resulted on the emergence of enclave settlement. To ensure that the enclave settlement is in line with the principles of sustainable development, the phenomenon needs to be explored by focusing on the inhabitants of enclave settlement. This study is based on the question of whether the indigenous settlements of the new town area can survive and be prevailed by using certain strategies. To be able to answer the question, descriptive analysis is exploited based on the grounded method through field observation on the social life of the inhabitants implementing through the spatial arrangement of residential house at the new town of Gading Serpong area. The results revealed that spatial typo-morphology of residential house in the indigenous settlement is basically a reflection of the strong values and social ties of the inhabitants as the uppermost hierarchy of the spatial socio-culture. Therefore, it is important to emphasize that spatial typo-morphology can become significant factor in supporting the resilience of enclave settlements in responding to the development of new towns.

New town ,Enclave settlement, Resilience, Typo-morphology.

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