Dr. Noaman Abdulateef Abdulrazzaq , Mustafa Mamon Ahmed , Farah Thamer Hasan
International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-6,Issue-6, November - December 2022, Pages 1-4, 10.22161/ijreh.6.6.1
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Article Info: Received: 10 Oct 2022; Received in revised form: 01 Nov 2022; Accepted: 08 Nov 2022; Available online: 13 Nov 2022
Background: Metabolic syndrome (syndrome x) A clustering of dyslipidemia , elevated blood pressure , impaired glucose tolerance , and central obesity which was varied somewhat in specific elements ,but in general they include a combination of multiple and metabolic risk factors. The most widely recognized risk factors are elevated blood pressure, atherogenic dyslipidemia, and elevated plasma glucose. Regardless of the cause, the syndrome recognized individuals at an elevation of these risk factors. The magnitude of increased risk can vary according to the components of the syndrome present as well as the other, non-metabolic syndrome risk factors in a particular person. The association of the metabolic syndrome with demographic characteristics and the metabolic syndrome risk increased with age, BMI and weight gain which are another important risk factors. Obesity has consistently been reported as a risk factor for metabolic syndrome, it is an important, easily observed, and measurable risk factor .it was the only fact that remained significantly associated with metabolic syndrome in all age, race and sex groups. Higher BMI and weight gain over time are associated with poorer blood pressure, higher fasting blood glucose, and dyslipidemia with the remaining atherosclerotic changes complications (hypertension CVD, and nephropathy) have been found to be associated with this syndrome.