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International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

Multifunctionality of Peri-Urban Agriculture: A Case Study in Trau Quy Commune, Hanoi City

Nguyen Phuong Le , Nguyen Mau Dung

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-2,Issue-4, July - August 2018, Pages 8-19, 10.22161/ijreh.2.4.2

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The emergence of the concept of multifunctionality responds to a wide range of concerns about significant, worldwide changes in agriculture, particularly in peri-urban areas. Multifunctionality at farm level means that farms not only provide agricultural goods and food, but also services to the community as well as public goods. For two recent decades, rapid urbanization in peri-urban area of Vietnam has strongly impacted on livelihood of people whose livelihood used to be farm-based. The peri-urban residents have been facing with food insecurity and underemployment, particularly those who could not seek new jobs and constructed new livelihood strategies. Based on data collected from a survey of 60 peri-urban households who continue farming together with other off-farm economic activities in Trau Quy commune, this paper showed that farmers’ maintenance of farming at different scales make agriculture play multifunctional roles such as income diversification, job creation, land conservation, food security, food safety, social network maintenance, greening and scenic services. In order to enhance the multi-functions of agriculture in peri-urban areas, governmental policy need to create the proper framework conditions for optimal development.

Agriculture, Hanoi, Multifunctionality, Peri-urban.

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