• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8678

International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

Intervention to Reduce the Consumption of Toxic substances from the perspective of Chinese Medicine in Adolescent High school Students

Eduardo Salazar Ledesma , Castañeda Duarte Angélica , Miguel Alberto Gutiérrez Nava , Cesar Rafael Meza Torres , García Piceno Yolanda , Rosa Estela López Gomez , Flor Aguilar Gonzalez , Iris Anaisbeth Osorio Medrano

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-6,Issue-6, November - December 2022, Pages 9-17, 10.22161/ijreh.6.6.3

Download | Downloads : 4 | Total View : 114

Article Info: Received: 29 Oct 2022; Received in revised form: 20 Nov 2022; Accepted: 25 Nov 2022; Available online: 01 Dec 2022


Adolescents have been the object of considerable attention in recent years, despite which knowledge of this period of life is limited; Since the correlation between the development of intelligence and character is still not well known, and the physiological variables that intervene at this age have been established in an incipient way, the main problem of the adolescent is that of the search for personality, since that at this stage he must develop basic values and strengthen his controls to act in society, but at the same time he is pushed to anarchic action. This situation creates rebellion against the family and society for the adolescent, a feeling of misunderstanding, temperament problems, moral problems. In Mexico, 9.2% of adolescents consume tobacco, 30% alcohol and 1.5% other drugs. In the State of Mexico about 70.8% of adolescents consume alcohol, 40.7% tobacco and 22.2% have used illegal drugs. Regarding the municipality of Ecatepec, 28% of adolescents consume alcohol, 22.4% tobacco, 7.7% marijuana and 2.6% consume cocaine. In a general analysis of the background, it was observed that the Municipality of Ecatepec occupies the first place in the State of Mexico, in relation to the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs by high school youth, which constitutes a serious problem of Public Health. Dependence on psychoactive substances or drug addiction, constitute the characteristic syndrome that defines the appearance of disease, aroused by curiosity, group pressure or the search for sensations, continuing with social consumption, aroused more by motivations and "positive" reinforcement. ” that provide drugs and progressing to abuse. Develop an intervention model to improve healthy lifestyles and reinforce the management of emotions in adolescents at risk of addictions, at the Adolfo López Mateos Secondary School 127 in the Municipality of Ecatepec in the State of Mexico . DESIGN: The present work is an intervention study evaluated through a quasi- experimental design. With pre and post intervention evaluation and comparison group. The study population will be students who are between the ages of 11 and 15, divided into two groups.

Adolescent, Intervention, Chinese Medicine, Emotions, Addictions

[1] Gutiérrez JP, Rivera - Dommarco J, Shamah -Levy T, Villalpando-Hernández S, Franco A, Cuevas - Nasu L, Romero-Martínez M, Hernández-Ávila M. National Health and Nutrition Survey (2012 ) Cuernavaca , Mexico: Institute National Public Health.
[2] Medina-Mora ME, Villatoro-Velázquez JA, Fleiz -Bautista C, Téllez-Rojo MM, Mendoza-Alvarado LR, Romero-Martínez M, Gutiérrez-Reyes JP, Castro-Tinoco M, Hernández-Ávila M, Tena-Tamayo C, Alvear-Sevilla C and Guisa-Cruz V. (2011) National Survey of Addictions . Mexico National Institute of Psychiatry Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz; National Institute of Public Health; Health Secretary
[3] Terrón L, Juárez Ma, Rojas C, Mosqueda M (2009) Survey of the State of Mexico on the consumption of Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs in Students, State of Mexico: Mexican Institute against Addictions.
[4] Mena I, Dorr A, Viani S, Neubaue S (2013) Effects of marijuana use in schoolchildren on brain functions demonstrated by neuropsychological tests and neuro-SPECT images. Journal of Mental Health Santiago de Chile: 367-374.
[5] Palacios J, Andrade P. Academic performance and risk behaviors in adolescents. Journal of Education and Development UNAM Mexico (2007) 5 – 16.
[6] Anzo Alicia (2004) Drugs in children and adolescents Technical guidelines from a comprehensive evolutionary perspective Technical Area in Treatment and Rehabilitation Santiago , Chile.
[7] Rodríguez P (2008) urban tribes: youth, consumption and identity construction. Faculty Journalism and Social Communication Argentina.
[8] Chicarro J, Perez M (2011) Emotional response in substance addicts in outpatient addiction treatment, 2012 · VOL. 24 NO. 1 · PP. 59-68. Institute of Addictions. Madrid Health. City of Madrid.
[9] Cienfuegos Salgado, David and Macías Vázquez, María Carmen. 2006. Studies in homage to Marcia Muñoz de Alba Medrano. Biolaw , technology, health and genomic law. Legal Research Institute. UNAM, Mexico,
[10] Garcia-Pelayo and Gross1999. Larousse Encyclopedic Dictionary. Edition.
[11] Tomas Escobar, Raul. 1999. Dictionary of Dangerous Drugs. University Publisher. Buenos Aires.
[12] ELLIS, A.; CABALLO, V. and LEGA, L. "Rational Emotional Behavioral Therapy" Editorial Siglo XXI, Mexico, DF, 1999.
[13] Bandura, Albert (ed.) Self-efficacy: how we face changes in today's society / Bilbao, Spain: Desclée de Brouwer, 1999, c1999 Theories and models of learning in connected and ubiquitous environments. Bases for a new theoretical model from a critical view of "connectivism". Zapata-Ros, Miguel. Page 47 of 49.
[14] Ferzzola , Maximiliano (2005), “ Anime and violence ”, in Revista Otaku, no. 2 Mine Publishers. Mexico.
[15] Canales, Abuanza (2010) “Learning to manage emotions in secondary school to develop resilient behaviors”. Editorial Angeles Publishers Mexico Federal District.
[16] Olmedo and Barrio ( 1998) " Prevention of Negative Emotions in Adolescence: Assessment of Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques " Journal of Psychopathology and Clinical Psychology 1998, Volume 3. Number 2, pp. 121-137.
[17] Álvarez Hornos Teresa (2006) “Guide for Orientation of Families with Adolescents” Junta de Andalucía, Andalusia Spain
[18] McInerney J (1994) Patterns of Addiction: A Rational-Emotive Perspective Journal of Drug Addiction. United States of America.
[19] Becoñar E (2010) Manual of addictions for psychologists specializing in clinical psychology in training Spain: Ed Ministry of health.
[20] Franco A, Trends in Public Health (1998) University of Antioquia
[21] Margulis Mario and UrrestI Marcelo, (1998) “The social construction of the condition of youth” In Living to all: Youth, cultural territories and new sensitivities. Ed. Century of Man.
[22] PAPALINI, Vanina. (2006). "Anime. Technological worlds, Japanese animation and imaginary Social. ” Ed. La Crujía, Buenos Aires.
[23] REGUILLO Rosana, (2000). “Emergence of youth cultures. Strategies of disenchantment”. Chap. 1 “Thinking young people a necessary debate” Buenos Aires, Grupo Editorial Norma.
[24] CABALLO, Vicente et al. ( comp. ) "Manual of Therapy Techniques and Behavior Modification". Editorial Siglo XXI, Spain. 1998
[25] FANNING, P and McKAY , M. “Self-esteem: evaluation and improvement”. Editorial Martínez Roca, Mexico, DF (undated)