• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8678

International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and Adaptation Options in Southwest Cameroon

Defang Taku Julie , Amungwa F.A , Manu I

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-1,Issue-3, September - October 2017, Pages 102-115, 10.22161/ijreh.1.3.11

Download | Downloads : 6 | Total View : 1658


In recent decades, scientists have been suggesting that the earth’s climate is fast changing and these changes are expected to have serious economic and social impacts particularly on farmers whose livelihoods depend on agriculture. Adaptation is a necessary option to the adverse impacts of climate change. However, for farmers to manifest adaptation options, they must be aware of changes in climatic conditions and the negative effects on crop yields. This study assessed farmers’ perception of climate change and adaptation options in the Southwest Region of Cameroon. Questionnaires were administered to 680 farmers randomly selected for the study. Results revealed that most farmers perceived climate change as late start and early cessation of rains, decrease intensity of rainfall, increase temperature and intensity of sunshine. Meteorological data coborrates farmers’ perceptions. Despite the fact that climate change had negatively affected cocoyam, plantain, cassava and cocoa cultivated by farmers, few had taken measures to adapt. Majority of farmers adapted to negative impacts on plantain by treating suckers with Mocap before and after sowing. Treatment of cassava cuttings with Mocap before planting was also the coping strategy opted for by most cassava farmers. Change in cocoyam variety cultivated and trees planting were the most common adaptation measures to the negative impacts of climate change on cocoyam and cocoa respectively. There is the need to sensitize farmers on possible adaptation measures and how these measures will reverse the negative impacts, increase crop yields and assure sustainability of livelihood.

Climate change, Perception, Adaptation options, Livelihood.

[1] Ayanlade A., M. Radeny and J.F. Morton. 2017. Comparing smallholder farmers’perception of climate change withmeteorological data: A case study from southwestern NigeriaWeather and Climate Extremeshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2016.12.001
[2] Bosello F., C. Carraro and E. De Cian 2010: Market and Policy Driven Adaptation to Climate Change. www.copenhagenconsensus.com
[3] Chika Urama K. and Nicholas Ozor 2010: Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in Africa: the Role of Adaptation
[4] African Technology Policy Studies Network
[5] Codjoe, F.N., C. K. Ocansey, D.O. Boateng and J. Ofori. 2013. Climate Change Awareness and Coping Strategies of Cocoa Farmers in Rural Ghana.Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare ISSN 2224-3208 (Paper) ISSN 2225-093X Vol.3, No.11, 2013
[6] www.iiste.org
[7] Dhaka, B.L., K. Chayal and M.K. Poonia.2010. Analysis of Farmers’ Perception and Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change Libyan Agriculture Research Center Journal International 1 (6): 388-390, 2010. ISSN 2219-4304© IDOSI Publications, 2010
[8] Ekpo, F. E and E. C. Nzegblue, 2012. Climate change impact and adaptation opportunities on agricultural production in communities around Itu bridge-head in Uyo, AkwaIbom State, Nigeria.International Journal of Environmental Sciences Volume 2, No 4, 2012 ISSN 0976 –4402
[9] Enete,A.A, I.I.Madu, J.C.Mojekwu, A.N.Onyekuru and E.A.Onwubu. 2011 Indigenous Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Study of Southeast.Nigeria African Technology Policy Studies Network.Techno Policy BRIEF | No. 25
[10] EpuleEpule T. and Christopher Bryant R. 2016: Small Scale Farmers’ Indigenous Agricultural Adaptation Options in the Face of Declining or Stagnant Crop Yields in the Fako and Meme Divisions of Cameroon.Journal of Agriculture 2016, doi:1 0.3390
[11] Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). 2008a. Climate change adaption and mitigation in the food and agricultural sector,technical background document from the expert consultation
[12] Gambo, A., R. Yasmine and G. Bamboye.2010. Indigenous Women and Climate change in South and North West Cameroon. Issues Paper. www.tebtebba.org/index.php/.../95-presentations
[13] Gbetibouo Gladys A. 2009.Understanding Farmers’ Perceptions and Adaptations to Climate Change and Variability: The Case of the Limpopo Basin,South Africa.http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/rome2007/docs/ifpri_limpopo_dp00849
[14] Ifeanyi-obi C. C., A. O. Togun and R. Lamboll 2016: Influence of Climate Change on Cocoyam Production in Aba Agricultural Zone of Abia State, Nigeria.DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-25814-0_18
[15] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2007a. Agriculture in climate change mitigation.Working Group III contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of IPPC. Cambrige: Cambridge University press
[16] IrénikatchéAkponikpè P.B., P. Johnston, and E. K. Agbossou. 2010 Farmers' perception of climate change and adaptation strategies in Sub- Saharan West-Africa
[17] Jarvis, A., J.V. Ramirez, B.V.H. Campo and C.N. Raccines. 2012. Is cassava the answer to Africanhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/27/scientists-cassava-will-_n_1303826.html
[18] Maddison David. 2006. The perception of and adaptation to climate change in Africa, Pretoria:University of Pretoria. Special Series on Climate Change and Agriculture in Africa. Policy Research Working Paper 4308
[19] Manoba A.L., B.E Keith., B.A AzabreB. Lennartz 2016: Farmers’ perception and adaptation practice to climate variability and change: a case study of the Vea catchment in Ghana. SpringerOpendoi: 10.1186/s40064-016-2433-9
[20] MOLUA Ernest L. 2008: Turning up the heat on African agriculture: The impact of climate change on Cameroon’s agriculture.African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Vol 2 No 1
[21] Molua, E.L. and C.M Lambi. 2007. The Economic Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture in Cameroon. The World Bank Development Research Group Sustainable Rural and Urban Development Team.
[22] Oyekale A.S., M.B.Bolaji and Olowa. 2009.Effects of climate change on cocoa production and vulnerability assessment in Nigeria. Agricultural journal volume 4 issue 2, 2009
[23] Ozor N., M.C.Madukwe, A.A.Enete, E.C. Amaechina, P.Onokala, E.C. Eboh, O. Ujah and C.J.Garforth 2012:Framework For Agricultural Adaptation To Climate Change In Southern Nigeria .International Journal Of Agriculture Sciences Issn: 0975-3710 & E-Issn: 0975-9107, Volume 4, Issue 5, 2012, Pp-243-251.Available Online At Http://Www.Bioinfo.In/Contents.Php?Id=26
[24] Schmidhuber, J. and F.N. Tubiello. 2007. Global Food Security under Climate Change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .104:19703-19708.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18077404
[25] Sofoluwe, N.A., A. A. Tijani and O. I. Baruwa. 2011. Farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change in Osun State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(20), pp. 4789-4794, 26 September, 2011
[26] Thornton, P and L. Cramer. 2012.Impacts of climate change on the agricultural and aquatic systems and natural resources within the CGIAR's mandate. CCAFS Working Paper 23. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Copenhagen, Denmark.
[27] Tingem M., M. Rivington, G. Bellocchi, S. Azam-Ali and J. Colls 2008. Effects of climate change on crop production in Cameroon.Vol. 36: 65– 77, 2008 doi: 10.3354/cr00733
[28] Ugwoke, F. O., F. N Nnadi, C. F. Anaeto, O. O. Aja, and R. N.Nwakwasi. 2012.Crop Farmers’ Perception of and Adaptation to Climate Change in Orlu Agricultural Zone of Imo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol.16 http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v16i2.16