• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8678

International Journal Of Rural Development, Environment And Health Research(IJREH)

Estimation of Greenhouse Gases from Disposal Sites of Selected Abattoirs of Eastern Ethiopia; 2019

Sina Temesgen Tolera , Fekade Ketema Alemu

International Journal of Rural Development, Environment and Health Research(IJREH), Vol-4,Issue-1, January - February 2020, Pages 12-22, 10.22161/ijreh.4.1.2

Download | Downloads : 8 | Total View : 512


Introduction: abattoir waste poses a threat to the wellbeing of individuals and the environment. Abattoir waste disposal sites also contributes to climate change through emission of Green House Gases. In urban areas of developing countries the problem is more severe, however little is known about the exact amount of abattoir waste generated as well as the Green House Gases emitted. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify abattoir waste generation and estimate Green House Gases/GHGs/ from selected disposal sites from December 1st, 2018 to January 2019. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four selected abattoirs of Eastern Ethiopia. The magnitude of waste composition were computed based on Aneibo mathematical computational from the actual number of slaughtered livestock. While greenhouse gases was computed based IPCC model. Result: The study reported that about 2,026.80kg/day and 804,470.40kg/year (30.6%) of blood waste; 2,015.90kg/day and 920,884.20 kg/year (31.4%) of bone waste; 1,354.25kg/day and 606,607.50 kg/year (21%) of intestinal contents waste; and 1,066.40 kg/day and 461,112.00 kg/year (17%) of tissue; waste and as combined about 6,463.35kg/day and 2,793,074.10kg/year was estimated from four selected abattoirs. From these amount of abattoir wastes disposed on sites of four selected Eastern Ethiopia abattoirs, about 3,790.96 kgCO2-e/day and 1,638,225.38 kgCO2-e/year of greenhouse gases emission was estimated. Conclusion: The study concluded that large amount of abattoir waste is generated and Green House Gases are also formed. Therefore, proper waste disposal and installation of anaerobic digestion plants are recommended as short term and long term measures respectively to ensure environmental safety and public health.

Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia, Greenhouse Gases, Livestock, Waste generation.

[1] Abiade-Paul, C.U., Kene, I.C., & Chah, K.F. 2006.Occurrence and antibiogram of Salmonellae in effluent from Nsukkaabattoir. Nigerian Veterinary: 1: 48-53.
[2] Abrha, M. 2009. Livestock, Abattoir waste treatment and their impacts on Environment and community.v (2) pp: 44-87
[3] Addass, PA., Midau A., Milka, M., Tizhe, MA. 2010. Assessment of Abattoir wastage of cattle, sheep and goat in Mubi main Abattoir Adamawa State. Nigeria; 6(2):132-137
[4] Adeyemo, O.K. 2002. Unhygienic operations of a city abattoir in South Nigeria: environmental implication. African Journal of Env. Assessment and Manage; 4(1): 23- 27.
[5] Adzabe, K., Asenso, B.G., Bensah, E.C., Dery, E., Hussein, A-J., Mensah, M.Y., Pinto, H., Sarpong, M.D., Thompson, M., Quist-Therson, N.N.E., 2005. . Kumasi Abattoir.Ghana; 1(1): 972
[6] Akinro, A.O., Ologunagba, I. B., Yahaya, O. 2009. Environmental implications of unhygienic operation of a city slaughterhouse in Akure, Western Nigeria. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences; 4(9): 60-63.
[7] Alonge, D.O. 2005. Meat and Milk Hygiene; Ibadan, Nigeria: Farmcoe Press; 64(1):71-82 •
[8] Aniebo, AO., Wekhe SN., Okoli IC. 2009. Abattoir Blood Waste Generation in River State and its Environmental Implications in the Niger Delta. Toxicol. Environ. Chem.; 91:619-625.
[9] Anthony, M. Mshandete , Wilson Parawira. 2009. Groundwater pollution from abattoir waste African Journal of Biotechnology; 1(2):116-125, Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB
[10] Auwalu, A., Azmi H., Norizhar K., Ahmadu S., Yusha’u SB., Pei LL., 2016. KAP toward compliance with abattoir laws among the abattoir workers in Malaysia; Inter. Journal of Medicine; 9(1): 79—87; DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S98436
[11] Beneberu, S. 2011. Generation, composition and characteristics of urban solid waste in a major khat producing and marketing area in Eastern Ethiopia; IJEP; 1(5):.9-16; DOI 10.5963/IJEP0105002
[12] Chukwu, O. 2008. Analysis of ground water pollution from abattoir waste in Minna, Nigeria. Research Journal of Diary Science; 2:74-77.
[13] Chukwu, O., Adeoye PA., Chidiebere I. 2011 .Abattoir wastes generation, management and the environment: Minna, Nigeria; v.1, (6):100-109
[14] Ezeohaa, S.L., Ugwuishiwu, B.O. 2011. Status of slaughterhouse wastes research in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Tech, 30(2):143-148.
[15] Fearon, J., Mensah, S.B. and Boateng, V. 2014. Abattoir operations, waste generation and management in the Tamale metropolis: Case study of the Tamale slaughterhouse. Journal ofPublic Health and Epidemiology; 6(1), pp. 14-19
[16] Frederick, A; Ayum, TG; Gifty, AA; Samuel, A. (2010). Microbial Quality of Chevon and Mutton Sold in Tamale Metropolis of Northern Ghana. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage; 14 (4): 53-55
[17] Food and Agricultural Organization, FAO. 2010. Abattoir development, Options and designs for hygienic
[18] Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC). 2000.National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and uncertainty management in national greenhouse gas inventories http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/gp/gpgaum.htm
[19] Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI). 2018. GCAM v4.4 Documentation: Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM): Available online: http://jgcri.github.io/gcam-doc/
[20] Massé, D.I. and Masse, L. 2000a.The effect of temperature on slaughterhouse wastewater treatment in anaerobic sequencing batch reactors. Bioresour.Technol; 76(2):91-98
[21] Roberts, H. 2011. Waste handling practices at red meat abattoirs in South Africa; 27: 1-25
[22] Tolera Sina .T, Sota, Solomon .S. Derebie Ermias., and Mekonnen Tesfaye .H. 2019. Waste Generation and Physicochemical Qualities of Abattoir Wastewater in Hawassa City, Southern Ethiopia. EAJHBS, 3(1): 13-20.
[23] United Nations/UN/ .2013. The world’s Population Concentrated in Urban and Its Challenges; No.2014/3; pp: 1; http://www.un.org/en/population/publications/pdf/
[24] Yesihak Yusuf Mummed and Edward Cottington Webb. 2015. Operation Facilities and management practice v 10(7):623-630