• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8015

International Journal Of Medical, Pharmacy And Drug Research(IJMPD)

The Effect of the Characteristics of Work and Stress on Job Satisfaction: A Case Study on Community Pharmacies and Registered Pharmacists in Hospitals

Yu-Hua Yan , Chih-Ming Kung , Jui-Fang Chen


International Journal of Medical, Pharmacy and Drug Research(IJMPD), Vol-2,Issue-2, March - April 2018, Pages 27-36 , 10.22161/ijmpd.2.2.2

Download | Downloads : 8 | Total View : 1254

Share

Background: This study focused on the evidence-based research investigating the correlations between the job characteristics, work stress and job satisfaction of the pharmacists serving in the hospitals and the community pharmacies. Methods: The subjects were mainly drawn from pharmacists who served in regional hospitals and community pharmacies in Taiwan, the total valid questionnaires were 190 copies. Regression analysis was adopted for inferential statistics to investigate the correlation between the job characteristics, work stress and job satisfaction of the pharmacists who served in community pharmacies. Results: We concluded that four factors significantly affected job satisfaction of the pharmacists in the community pharmacies (p <0.01); in the meantime, the educational background and job characteristics markedly affected job satisfaction of the pharmacists in the hospital pharmacy (p <0.01). Conclusion: Our study results can be the references for relevant entities during the management of human resources in order to provide a reasonable working environment to the pharmacists.

Job Characteristics, Working Stress, Job Satisfaction.

[1] Beehr, T. A., & Newman, J. E. (1978). Job stress, employee health, and organizational effectiveness: A facet analysis, model, and literature review. Personnel Psychology, 31, 665-699.
[2] Bhuian, S. N., & Mengue, B. (2002). An extension and evaluation of job characteristics, organizational commitment and job satisfaction in an expatriate, guest worker sales setting. Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management, 22(1), 1-11.
[3] Cavanaugh, M. A., Boswell, W. R., Roehling, M. V., & Boudreau, J. W. (2000). An empirical examination of self-reported work stress among U.S. managers. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 65-74.
[4] Chen, W. M. See, L. C., Chiou, M. J., & Lin, S. R. (2014). Burnout and Quit Intention among Medical Technologists in Taoyuan during Global Budget Payment System. Chinese Journal of Occupational Medicine, 21(1), 21-33.
[5] Chou, H. W., Chang, H. H., & Lee, C. Y. (2012). Work-Family Conflict and Work Exhaustion for IT Employees: The Moderating Effect of Social Support. Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(2),67-89.
[6] Cooper, C. L., Sloan, S. J., & Williams, S. (1988). Occupational stress indictor management guide. Windsor, UK: NFER-Nel-son.
[7] Desa, A., Yusooff, F., Ibrahim, N., Kadir, N. B. A. & Rahman. R. M. A. (2014). A study of the relationship and influence of personality on job stress among academic administrators at a university. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 355-359.
[8] Huber, D. L., Mass, M., McCloskey, J., Scherb, C. A., Goode, C. J., & Watson, C. (2000). Evaluating nursing administration instruments. Journal of Nursing Administration, 30(5), 251−272.
[9] Judge, T. A., Thoresen, C. J., Bono, J. E., & Patton, G. K. (2001). The job satisfaction-job performance relationship: A qualitative and quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 127(3), 376-407.
[10] Kahn, R. L., Wolfe, D. M., Quinn, R. P., Snoek, J. D., & Rosenthal, R. A. (1964). Organizational stress: Study in role conflict and ambiguity. New York: Wiley.
[11] Lai, I. J., Liao, L. L., Hsieh, L. C., & Lee, C. H. (2014).Work Stress, Job Satisfaction, Burnout, and Turnover Intentions of Dietitians in Taiwan: Description and Relationship. Taiwan Journal of Public Health, 33(6), 609- 619.
[12] Lin, C. H., Chou, S. Y. & Tsai, Y. F. (2017). Impact of Hospital Personnel's Job Stress on Workplace Burnout: An Example of Nursing Personnel of Hospitals in Taichung City. Cheng Ching Medical Journal, 13(3), 20-32.
[13] Lu, H., Barriball, K. L., Zhang, X., & While, A. E. (2012). Job satisfaction among hospital nurses revisited: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49(8), 1017-1038.
[14] Lu, L., Lee, H. M., & Shieh, T. Y. (2005). Occupational Stress, Health and Occupational Burnout among Dentists: A Study of Clinical Dentists in Kaohsiung. Research in Applied Psychology, 27, 59-80.
[15] Ministry of Health and Welfare (2017). Number of practicing medical personnel in institutions and number of medical staff per 10,000 population. Available at: http://dep.mohw.gov.tw/DOS/cp-1735-3245-113.html. Accessed Aug 20, 2017.
[16] Ravari, L., Bazargan, M., Vanaki, Z., & Mirzaei, T. (2012). Job satisfaction among Iranian hospital-based practicing nurses: Examining the influence of self-expectation, social interaction and organizational situations. Journal of Nursing Management, 20(4), 522-533.
[17] Seashore, S. E. & Taber, T. D. (1975). Job Satisfaction and Their Correlation American Behavior & Scientist. 18, 346.
[18] Steer, R. M. & Porter L. W. (1977). Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover among Psychiatric Technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59(5), 603-609.