• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8015

International Journal Of Medical, Pharmacy And Drug Research(IJMPD)

Newcastle Disease in Poultry, its diagnosis, prevention and Control Strategies

Abdul Samad , Muhammad Hamza , Ayesha Muazzam , Areeb Ahmer , Sania Tariq , Muhammad Junaid Shahid , Waseem Akram , Muhammad Zain Kaleem , Afeen Javaid


International Journal of Medical, Pharmacy and Drug Research(IJMPD), Vol-6,Issue-2, March - April 2022, Pages 25-28 , 10.22161/ijmpd.6.2.3

Download | Downloads : 2 | Total View : 129

Article Info: Received: 27 Jan 2022; Received in revised form: 25 Feb 2022; Accepted: 03 Mar 2022; Available online: 11 Mar 2022

Share

Newcastle disease (ND) is a major cause severe illness in poultry birds and other wild species of bird, harshly effecting the poultry industry by mortality of many birds in result becoming cause of loss of industry. ND is very common in Asia especially Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. The cause of this disease is a virus which belongs to family Paramyxoviridae named as Avian avulavirus 1.It has different strain which is categories on the basis of their virulence. In this study we describe the new castle disease and its causes, prevention and cure as well as vaccines and immunization procedures, and also describe how can we recover our birds through different methods. Because the industrious, social, financial, communal, and environmental situations that enable endemicity of poultry in Pakistan and other developing countries of world, furthermost of the difficulties and control methods are explained here. As we know there is no specific treatment we gave a method to minimize mortality due to ND we increased the quantitative life by adopting some measures.

Newcastle disease, Immunization, Evolution, Disease control.

[1] Sá E, Silva M, Susta L, Moresco K, Swayne DE. Vaccination of chickens decreased Newcastle disease virus contamination in eggs. Avian Pathology. 2016;45:38–45. doi: 10.1080/03079457.2015.1112876.
[2] Rue CA, Susta L, Cornax I, Brown CC, Kapczynski DR, Suarez DL, King DJ, Miller PJ, Afonso CL. Virulent Newcastle disease virus elicits a strong innate immune response in chickens. Journal of General Virology. 2011;92:931–9. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.025486-0.
[3] Rehmani SF, Wajid A, Bibi T, Nazir B, Mukhtar N, Hussain A, Lone NA, Yaqub T, Afonso CL. Presence of virulent Newcastle disease virus in vaccinated chickens in farms in Pakistan. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2015;53:1715–1718. doi: 10.1128/JCM.02818-14.
[4] Rauw F, Gardin Y, Palya V, Anbari S, Lemaire S, Boschmans M, van den Berg T, Lambrecht B. Improved vaccination against Newcastle disease by an in ovo recombinant HVT-ND combined with an adjuvanted live vaccine at day-old. Vaccine. 2010;28:823–833. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.10.049.
[5] Rao MS, Raj GD, Manohar BM. An in vitro and in vivo evaluation of the virulence of Newcastle disease virus and vaccines for the chicken reproductive tract. Avian Pathology. 2002;31:507–13. doi: 10.1080/0307945021000005888.
[6] Perozo F, Merino R, Afonso CL, Villegas P, Calderon N. Biological and phylogenetic characterization of virulent Newcastle disease virus circulating in Mexico. Avian Diseases. 2008;52:472–479. doi: 10.1637/8276-022908-Reg.1. ]
[7] Perozo F, Marcano R, Afonso CL. Biological and phylogenetic characterization of genotype VII Newcastle disease virus from Venezuela: efficacy of field vaccination. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2012;50:1204–1208. doi: 10.1128/JCM.06506-11. [
[8] Pedersen JC, Senne DA, Woolcock PR, Kinde H, King DJ, Wise MG, Panigrahy B, Seal BS. Phylogenetic relationship among virulent Newcastle disease virus isolates from the 2002-2003 outbreak in California and other recent outbreaks in North America. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2004;42:2329–2334. doi: 10.1128/JCM.42.5.2329-2334.2004.
[9] Park J, Kim M, Na G, Jeon I, Kwon YK, Kim JH, Youn H, Koo Y. Glucocorticoids modulate NF-κB-dependent gene expression by up-regulating FKBP51 expression in Newcastle disease virus-infected chikens. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 2007;278:7–17. doi: 10.1016/j.mce.2007.08.002.
[10] Pandarangga P, Brown CC, Miller PJ, Haddas R, Rehmani SF, Afonso CL, Susta L. Pathogenesis of new strains of Newcastle disease virus from Israel and Pakistan. Veterinary Pathology. 2016;53:792–796. doi: 10.1177/0300985815622972.
[11] Palya V, Kiss I, Tatar-Kis T, Mato T, Felfoldi B, Gardin Y. Advancement in vaccination against Newcastle disease: recombinant HVT NDV provides high clinical protection and reduces challenge virus shedding with the absence of vaccine reactions. Avian Diseases. 2012;56:282–287. doi: 10.1637/9935-091511-Reg.1.
[12] OIE (2006). World Animal Health Information Database (WAHIS Interface)-Version 1. World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Newcastle disease virus. Jan 2006 -Dec 2006, Brasil. Accessed 7 March 2019
[13] Cardenas Garcia S, Navarro Lopez R, Morales R, Olvera MA, Marquez MA, Merino R, Miller PJ, Afonso CL. Molecular epidemiology of Newcastle disease in Mexico and the potential spillover of viruses from poultry into wild bird species. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2013;79:4985–4992. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00993-13.
[14] Bwala DG, Fasina FO, Van Wyk A, Duncan NM. Effects of vaccination with lentogenic vaccine and challenge with virulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) on egg production in commercial and SPF chickens. International Journal Poultry Science. 2011;10:98–105. doi: 10.3923/ijps.2011.98.105.
[15] Brown, J.A., Gongora, V., Hartley, D., Oura, C., 2018. A review of eight high-priority, economically important viral pathogens of poultry within the Caribbean region. Veterinary Science. 5, 14. 10.3390/vetsci5010014
[16] Bertran K, Susta L, Miller PJ. Avian influenza virus and Newcastle disease virus. In: Hester P, editor. Egg innovation and strategies for improvement. Oxford: Academic Press, New York; 2017. pp. 547–560.
[17] Berhane Y, Hisanaga T, Xu W, Mosos Campos NA, Kehler H, Calderón Parra CP, Pasick J. Characterization of Colombian serotype 1 avian paramyxoviruses, 2008-2010. Virus Genes. 2017;53:584–592. doi: 10.1007/s11262-017-1461-z.
[18] Bell, J.G., 2001. A comparison of the different vaccine available for the control of Newcastle disease in village chickens. In: Alders, R.G. and Spradbrow, P.B. ed., PR103, SADC Planning Workshop on Newcastledisease control in village chickens. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Maputo, Mozambique, 6-9March, 2000. ACIAR Proceedings No. 103, 56–60.
[19] Ayala AJ, Dimitrov KM, Becker CR, Goraichuk IV, Arns CW, Bolotin VI, Ferreira HL, Gerilovych AP, Goujgoulova GV, Martini MC, Muzyka DV, Orsi MA, Scagion GP, Silva RK, Solodiankin OS, Stegniy BT, Miller PJ, Afonso CL. Presence of vaccine-derived Newcastle disease viruses in wild birds. PLoS One. 2016;11(9):e0162484. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162484.
[20] Miller PJ, Koch G. Newcastle disease. In: Swayne DE, Glisson JR, McDougald LR, Nolan LK, Suarez DL, Nair V, editors. Diseases of Poultry. 13th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell (2013). p. 89–113.
[21] Panda A, Huang Z, Elankumaran S, Rockemann DD, Samal SK. Role of fusion protein cleavage site in the virulence of Newcastle disease virus. Microb Pathog. (2004) 36:1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2003.07.003
[22] Alexander, D.J., Bell, J.G., Alders, R.G., 2004. A technology review, Newcastle disease with special emphasis on its effect on village chickens. FAO Animal production and health book No. 161. Food andAgriculture Organization of United Nations, Rome, 23-63.
[23] Aldous EW, Mynn JK, Banks J, Alexander DJ. A molecular epidemiological study of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (Newcastle disease virus) isolates by phylogenetic analysis of a partial nucleotide sequence of the fusion protein gene. Avian Pathology. 2003;32:239–256. doi: 10.1080/030794503100009783.
[24] Aldous E, Alexander D. Detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus (avian paramyxovirus type 1) Avian Pathology. 2001;30:117–128. doi: 10.1080/03079450120044515.
[25] Ahmed AA, Ma W, Ni Y, Zhou Q, Zhao R. Embryonic exposure to corticosterone modifies aggressive behavior through alterations of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis and the serotonergic system in the chicken. Hormone Behavior. 2014;65:97–105. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2013.12.002.
[26] Afonso CL. Not so fast on recombination analysis of Newcastle disease virus. Journal of Virology. Sept. 2008;82:9303. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01231-08.
[27] Afonso CL, Miller PJ. Newcastle disease virus. In: Liu D, editor. Security sensitive microbes and toxins. Boca Rato: CRC Press; 2014. pp. 689–698.
[28] Rima B, Balkema-Buschmann A, Dundon WG, Duprex P, Easton A, Fouchier R, et al. ICTV virus taxonomy profile: paramyxoviridae. J Gen Virol. (2019) 100:1593-4. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.001328
[29] Absalón, A.E., Cortés-Espinosa, D.V., Lucio-Decanini, E., Morales-Garzón, A., 2012b. Newcastle disease virus and the use thereof as a vaccine. Patent Request. WO 2012067483
[30] Absalón AE, Mariano-Matias A, Vasquez-Marquez A, Morales-Garzon A, Cortes-Espinosa DV, Ortega-Garcia R, Lucio-Decanini E. Complete genome sequence of a velogenic Newcastle disease virus isolated in Mexico. Virus Genes. 2012;45:304–310. doi: 10.1007/s11262-012-0782-1.
[31] Absalón AE, Mariano-Matías A, García LJ, Morales-Garzón A, Toscano-Contreras A, Lucio-Decanini E, Cortés-Espinosa DV. Complete genome analysis of velogenic Newcastle disease virus reference strain "Chimalhuacan": evolution of viral lineages in Mexico. Virus Genes. 2014;49:233–236. doi: 10.1007/s11262-014-1082-8.