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International Journal Of Medical, Pharmacy And Drug Research(IJMPD)

Current techniques and future directions in antibiotic resistance breakers

Danyar Hameed M Amin


International Journal of Medical, Pharmacy and Drug Research(IJMPD), Vol-5,Issue-4, July - August 2021, Pages 16-21 , 10.22161/ijmpd.5.4.3

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Article Info: Received: 05 Jul 2021; Received in revised form: 03 Aug 2021; Accepted: 10 Aug 2021; Available online: 17 Aug 2021

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A phenolic molecule found in the curry plant, curcumin, has numerous pharmacological actions, including an antibacterial impact. An environmental, nontuberculous, rapidly growing mycobacterium known as Mycobacterium abscessus is emerging as a serious human pathogen, especially in lung infections, as it possesses broad‐spectrum resistance to antibiotics, possesses a high level of biofilm capability, and has a low prevalence of disease. To identify antimicrobial and antivirulence activity, the researchers wished to examine the antimicrobial and antivirulence activity of curcumin, as well as the ability to work together with medications against a clinical specimen from a lady admitted to hospital with suspected tuberculosis. While strain B developed resistance to amikacin, clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, and linezolid, strain B exhibited synergism (fractional inhibitory concentration index <0.5) with curcumin, indicating resistance to amikacin, clarithromycin, ciprofloxacin, and linezolid. Inhibiting 4‐ and 8‐day mature biofilms completely with 1/8 MIC curcumin was enough to greatly limit motility. When used together, curcumin and amikacin reduced microbial aggregation while also causing considerable cell death. The main effect found when curcumin was the dominating compound was the disruption of 4- and 8-day biofilms. The current findings confirm prior research that suggests that curcumin may be a resistance buster against antibiotics.

antibiotic resistance breakers; efflux pump inhibitors; membrane permeabilisers; beta-lactamase inhibitors.

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