• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2582-9823

International Journal Of Language, Literature And Culture(IJLLC)

Verisimilitude in Young Adult Fiction: Catharsis within and through Anderson’s Speak

Rym Lina Mohammed-Azizi


International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture (IJLLC), Vol-3,Issue-6, November - December 2023, Pages 16-24, 10.22161/ijllc.3.6.3

Download | Downloads : | Total View : 177

Article Info: Realistic Young Adult Fiction, Art therapy, Psychoanalysis, Kramer.

Share

This article highlights the protagonist’s journey in Speak by Laurie Halse Anderson towards finding an outlet to release the inner turmoil triggered by past traumatic experiences. Doing so, the paper sheds the light on the inner conflicts, as well as the major mechanisms of defense adopted by the protagonist. Just as importantly, by drawing on Kramer’s art therapy theory, the study explains how art creation and creative writing helped the protagonist and the author, respectively, release pent up emotions through a symbolic form, making them one step closer to the verbal form of self-expression.

Realistic Young Adult Fiction, Art therapy, Psychoanalysis, Kramer.

[1] Ambre, Denise. “The Link Between Childhood Trauma and Adult Loneliness.” Ambre associates, 23 Sep. 2021 .
[2] Anderson, Laurie Halse. Speak. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1999.
[3] Bailey, Ryan, and Pico, Jose. “Defense Mechanisms.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, 10 May 2022.
[4] Block, Melissa. “20 Years After 'Speak,' Laurie Halse Anderson Tells Her Own Story In 'Shout'.” Npr, 16 Mar. 2019.
[5] Caruth, Cathy. Unclaimed Experience: : Trauma, Narrative and History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.
[6] Doll, Jen. “What Does 'Young Adult' Mean?” The Atlantic, 2012.
[7] Freud, Sigmund. Beyong the Pleasure Principle. London ; Vienna : The International Psychoanalytical Press, 1922.
[8] Goksen, Aras. “Personality and Individual Differences: Literature in PsychologyPsychology in
[9] Literature.” Procedia Social and Behvaioral Sciences Elsevier, p. 25. doi:
[10] 10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.03.452
[11] Gilmore, Leigh and Marshall, Elizabeth. “Trauma and Young Adult Literature: Representing adolescence and knowledge in David Small's Stitches: A Memoir.” Prose Studies: History, Theory, Criticism, pp. 16-38.
[12] Liebmann, Marian. Art Therapy and Anger. Jessica Kingsley Publishers London and Philadelphia, 1989.
[13] Lipner, M. Lauren, et al. “Psychoanalysis.” The SAGE Encyclopedia of Abnormal and Clinical Psychology, p. 1, 2017. doi: 10.4135/9781483365817.n1084
[14] Malchiodi, Cathy. Handbook of Art Therapy. The Guilford Press, 2011.
[15] McAloon, John. “Complex trauma: how abuse and neglect can have life-long effects.” The Conversation, 27 Oct. 2014.
[16] Newsom, Rob, and Dimitriu, Alex. “Trauma and Sleep.” Sleep Foundation, 29 Apr. 2022.
[17] Simon, Rita M. Self-Healing Through Visual and Verbal Art Therapy, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2005, 35.
[18] Tartakovsky, Margarita. “The Power of Writing: 3 Types of Therapeutic Writing.” PsychCentral, 19 Jan. 2015.
[19] Toblin, Michelle. “A Brief History of Art Therapy: From Freud to Naumburg and Kramer.” Antioch University Seattle, May 2015. Doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4211.6003/1
[20] Tull, Matthew. “Understanding PTSD After Sexual Assault.” Verywellmind, 7 Feb. 2022.