• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2582-9823

International Journal Of Language, Literature And Culture(IJLLC)

SME Competitiveness: The influence of the Qualities of Leadership on Competitive advantage

Dalia Khalid Faeq


International Journal of Language, Literature and Culture (IJLLC), Vol-2,Issue-6, November - December 2022, Pages 1-15, 10.22161/ijllc.2.6.1

Download | Downloads : 2 | Total View : 182

Article Info: Received: 15 Oct 2022, Received in revised form: 02 Nov 2022, Accepted: 07 Nov 2022, Available online: 12 Nov 2022

Share

The purpose of this essay is to study the connection between attributes of leadership and a durable advantage in competitiveness. The investigation was carried out at both small and medium-sized establishments in the city of Erbil. This research investigated the relationship between small and medium-sized businesses' ability to maintain a sustainable competitive edge and certain leadership attributes, including behavior-focused methods, natural reward strategies, and constructive thought patterns. The researchers used a simple regression analysis to examine the influence of each independent variable on the sustained competitive advantage of small and medium-sized enterprises in the city of Erbil in Kurdistan. There were a total of 110 questionnaires distributed, but only 96 respondents provided valid information on them. The results showed that behavior-focused strategies were the leadership trait that had the most effect on a company's ability to keep a sustainable competitive advantage, while constructive thinking patterns were the trait that had the least effect.

Leadership, competitive advantage, SME.

[1] Jatmiko, B., Udin, U. D. I. N., Raharti, R., Laras, T., & Ardhi, K. F. (2021). Strategies for MSMEs to achieve sustainable competitive advantage: The SWOT analysis method. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(3), 505-515.
[2] Antony, J., McDermott, O., & Sony, M. (2021). Quality 4.0 conceptualisation and theoretical understanding: a global exploratory qualitative study. The TQM Journal.
[3] Anwar, G., & Shukur, I. (2015). The impact of training and development on job satisfaction: a case study of private banks in Erbil. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 2(1), 65.
[4] Mulligan, R., Ramos, J., Martín, P., & Zornoza, A. (2021). Inspiriting innovation: The effects of leader-member exchange (LMX) on innovative behavior as mediated by mindfulness and work engagement. Sustainability, 13(10), 5409.
[5] Pan, C., Jiang, Y., Wang, M., Xu, S., Xu, M., & Dong, Y. (2021). How can agricultural corporate build sustainable competitive advantage through green intellectual capital? A new environmental management approach to green agriculture. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), 7900.
[6] Anwar, K. (2016). Comparison between cost leadership and differentiation strategy in agricultural businesses. Custos E Agronegocio on Line, 12(2), 212-231.
[7] Faeq, D. K. (2022). The Effect of Positive Affectivity on Creative Outcome Mediating by Quality of Work Life. QALAAI ZANIST JOURNAL, 7(1), 862-877.
[8] Hameed, A. A., & Anwar, K. (2018). Analyzing the Relationship between Intellectual Capital and Organizational Outcome: A Study of Selected Private Banks in Kurdistan. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 4(4), 39.
[9] Khan, K. M., & Ullah, M. (2021). Mediating Role of Ethical Leadership Between Employees Empowerment and Competitive Edge: A Case of Commercial Banks in Pakistan. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 9(2), 219-231.
[10] Anwar, K. (2017). Analyzing the conceptual model of service quality and its relationship with guests’ satisfaction: a study of hotels in erbil. The International Journal of Accounting and Business Society, 25(2), 1-16.
[11] Faeq, D. K., Ismail, Z. N., & Sadq, Z. M. (2020). The Role of Body Language on Achieving Customer Satisfaction (An empirical study of consumers' perspectives of electronic devices in the commercial centers of Sulaymaniyah Governorate-Kurdistan Region/Iraq). International Journal on Humanities and Social Sciences,(16), 117-129.
[12] Anwar, G., & Shukur, I. (2015). the impact of recruitment and selection on job satisfaction: Evidence from private school in Erbil. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 1(3), 4-13.
[13] Vrontis, D., El Chaarani, H., El Abiad, Z., El Nemar, S., & Haddad, A. Y. (2021). Managerial innovative capabilities, competitive advantage and performance of healthcare sector during Covid-19 pandemic period. foresight.
[14] Faeq, D. K., Abdulla, D. F., Ali, B. J., & Akoi, S. (2021). Impact of job resources on employee green behavior: An Empirical Investigation Among Employees Work in The Tourist Companies in Erbil-City Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The Scientific Journal of Cihan University–Sulaimaniya, 5(2), 115-126.
[15] Kryscynski, D., Coff, R., & Campbell, B. (2021). Charting a path between firm‐specific incentives and human capital‐based competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 42(2), 386-412.
[16] Silva, C. S., Magano, J., Matos, A., & Nogueira, T. (2021). Sustainable Quality Management Systems in the Current Paradigm: The Role of Leadership. Sustainability, 13(4), 2056.
[17] Faeq, D. K., Abdulla, D. F., Ali, B. J., & Akoi, S. (2021). Impact of job resources on employee green behavior: An Empirical Investigation Among Employees Work in The Tourist Companies in Erbil-City Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The Scientific Journal of Cihan University–Sulaimaniya, 5(2), 115-126.
[18] Mertens, N., Boen, F., Steffens, N. K., Haslam, S. A., & Fransen, K. (2021). Will the real leaders please stand up? The emergence of shared leadership in semi-professional soccer teams. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 24(3), 281-290.
[19] Anwar, G., & Shukur, I. (2015). The Impact of Service Quality Dimensions on Students’ Satisfaction. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 76.
[20] Abdullah, M. S., Toycan, M., & Anwar, K. (2017). The cost readiness of implementing e-learning. Custos E Agronegocio On Line, 13(2), 156-175.
[21] Faeq, D. K., Ali, B. J., & Akoi, S. (2022). The Impact of People Related TQM and CSR on Employees Job Satisfaction. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 6(1), 1-9.
[22] Azeem, M., Ahmed, M., Haider, S., & Sajjad, M. (2021). Expanding competitive advantage through organizational culture, knowledge sharing and organizational innovation. Technology in Society, 66, 101635.
[23] Chang, H. T., Chou, Y. J., Miao, M. C., & Liou, J. W. (2021). The effects of leadership style on service quality: enrichment or depletion of innovation behaviour and job standardisation. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 32(5-6), 676-692.
[24] Faeq, D. K., Zyad, K., & Hassan, R. (2022). Impact of resonant leadership in reducing workplace bullying: A case from Sulaymaniyah chamber of commerce & industry. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), 11(6), 264-276.
[25] Anwar, K. (2017). The Role of Effective Leadership in Crisis Management: Study of Private Companies in Kurdistan. QALAAI ZANIST JOURNAL, 2(4), 326-338.
[26] Faeq, D. K., Saleh, P. F., Hiwa, H., Ismael, A., & Nawzad, M. (2022). Purchase intention in the scope firm of corporate social responsibility. International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science (2147-4478), 11(6), 43-55.
[27] Anwar, K. (2016). The relationship between transformational leadership characteristics and effectiveness: A case study of construction companies in Erbil. International Journal of Science Technology & Management, 5(2), 250-156.
[28] Odeh, R. B. M., Obeidat, B. Y., Jaradat, M. O., & Alshurideh, M. T. (2021). The transformational leadership role in achieving organizational resilience through adaptive cultures: the case of Dubai service sector. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.
[29] Mostafiz, M. I., Hughes, M., & Sambasivan, M. (2021). Entrepreneurial orientation, competitive advantage and strategic knowledge management capability in Malaysian family firms. Journal of Knowledge Management.
[30] Anwar, G., & Surarchith, N. K. (2015). Factors Affecting Shoppers’ Behavior in Erbil, Kurdistan–Iraq. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 1(4), 10.
[31] Faeq, D. K. (2022). Thee role of job bullying in promoting turnover intention an exploratory study of the opinions of a sample of employees in the General‎ Directorate of Tourism in Sulaimania, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Cihan University-Erbil journal of humanities and social sciences, 6(2), 17-26.
[32] Sadq, Z. M., Ahmad, B. S., Faeq, D. K., & Muhammed, H. O. (2020). The Effect of Strategic Planning on Entrepreneurship Strategy Requirements (The Case of Private Hospitals in Iraqi Erbil City). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(10), 147-164.
[33] Nguyen, P. V., Huynh, H. T. N., Lam, L. N. H., Le, T. B., & Nguyen, N. H. X. (2021). The impact of entrepreneurial leadership on SMEs’ performance: the mediating effects of organizational factors. Heliyon, 7(6), e07326.
[34] Grinerud, K., Aarseth, W. K., & Robertsen, R. (2021). Leadership strategies, management decisions and safety culture in road transport organizations. Research in Transportation Business & Management, 41, 100670.
[35] Sadq, Z. M., Faeq, D. K., & Abdulla, D. (2021). Role Of Servant Leadership In Achieving And Developing Employee’s Career Satisfaction And Intention To Remain With The Organization: An Empirical Study Of Tourist Companies In Erbil City, Kurdistan Region Of Iraq. Ecoforum Journal, 10(1).
[36] Anwar, K., & Ghafoor, C. (2017). Knowledge management and organizational outcome: A study of private universities in Kurdistan. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 4(2), 53.
[37] Faeq, D. K. (2022). The Effect of Positive Affectivity on Creative Outcome Mediating by Quality of Work Life. Qalaai Zanist Journal, 7(1), 862-877.
[38] Anwar, K. (2017). Leading Construction Project Teams: The Effectiveness of Transformational Leadership in Dynamic Work Environments in Kurdistan. International Journal of Advanced Engineering, Management and Science, 3(10), 239925.
[39] Faeq, D. K., Garanti, Z., & Sadq, Z. M. (2021). The Effect of Total Quality Management on Organizational Performance: Empirical Evidence from the Construction Sector in Sulaymaniyah City, Kurdistan Region–Iraq. UKH Journal of Social Sciences, 5(1), 29-41.
[40] Iqbal, Q., & Ahmad, N. H. (2021). Sustainable development: The colors of sustainable leadership in learning organization. Sustainable Development, 29(1), 108-119.
[41] Anwar, K., & Climis, R. (2017). Analyzing the relationship between types of advertisement and customer choice: a study of retailer stores in erbil. The International Journal of Accounting and Business Society, 25(2), 43-52.
[42] Sadq, Z. M., Ahmad, B. S., Faeq, D. K., & Muhammed, H. O. (2020). The Effect of Strategic Planning on Entrepreneurship Strategy Requirements (The Case of Private Hospitals in Iraqi Erbil City). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(10), 147-164.
[43] Mey, M. R., Poisat, P., & Stindt, C. (2021). The influence of leadership behaviours on talent retention: An empirical study. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 19, 9.
[44] Kuo, F. I., Fang, W. T., & LePage, B. A. (2022). Proactive environmental strategies in the hotel industry: eco-innovation, green competitive advantage, and green core competence. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 30(6), 1240-1261.
[45] Anwar, K., & Louis, R. (2017). Factors Affecting Students’ Anxiety in Language Learning: A Study of Private Universities in Erbil, Kurdistan. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 4(3), 160.
[46] Faraj, K. M., Faeq, D. K., Abdulla, D. F., Ali, B. J., & Sadq, Z. M. (2021). Total Quality Management And Hotel Employee Creative Performance: The Mediation Role Of Job Embeddedment. Faraj, KM, Faeq, DK, Abdulla, DF, Ali, BJ, & Sadq, ZM (2021). Total Quality Management And Hotel Employee Creative Performance: The Mediation Role Of Job Embeddedment. Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 27(1), 3838-3855.
[47] KM, Faeq, DK, Abdulla, DF, Ali, BJ, & Sadq, ZM (2021). Total Quality Management And Hotel Employee Creative Performance: The Mediation Role Of Job Embeddedment. Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government, 27(1), 3838-3855.
[48] Elisa, Z. P., Nabella, S. D., & Sari, D. P. (2022). The Influence of Role Perception, Human Resource Development, and Compensation on Employee Performance Universitas Ibnu Sina. Enrichment: Journal of Management, 12(3), 1606-1612.
[49] Faeq, D. K. (2022). The importance of employee involvement in work activities to overall productivity. International Journal of Humanities and Education Development (IJHED), 4(5), 15-26.
[50] Faeq, D. K., & Ismael, Z. N. (2022). Analyzing the Relationships Between Organizational Justice and Job Performance. International journal of Engineering, Business and Management, 6(5).
[51] Abbas, A., Ekowati, D., & Suhariadi, F. (2021). Individual psychological distance: a leadership task to assess and cope with invisible change. Journal of Management Development.
[52] Faeq, D. K., & Ismael, Z. N. (2022). Analyzing the Relationships Between Organizational Justice and Job Performance. International journal of Engineering, Business and Management, 6(5).
[53] Ismael, Z. N. (2022). Marketing strategy: The Influence of Corporate Social Responsibility on Brand Awareness. International journal of Engineering, Business and Management, 6(5).
[54] Sony, M., Antony, J., Douglas, J. A., & McDermott, O. (2021). Motivations, barriers and readiness factors for Quality 4.0 implementation: an exploratory study. The TQM Journal.
[55] Chatterjee, S., Rana, N. P., Tamilmani, K., & Sharma, A. (2021). The effect of AI-based CRM on organization performance and competitive advantage: An empirical analysis in the B2B context. Industrial Marketing Management, 97, 205-219.
[56] Ismael, Z. N. (2022). The Causes and Effects of Quality of Brand Relationship and Customer Engagement. International Journal of Humanities and Education Development (IJHED), 4(5), 73-84.
[57] Muisyo, P. K., Qin, S., Ho, T. H., & Julius, M. M. (2021). The effect of green HRM practices on green competitive advantage of manufacturing firms. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management.
[58] Kršlak, S. Š., & Ljevo, N. (2021). Organizational creativity in the function of improving the competitive advantage of tourism companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and Administrative Sciences, 2(1), 81-91.
[59] Chau, K. Y., Tang, Y. M., Liu, X., Ip, Y. K., & Tao, Y. (2021). Investigation of critical success factors for improving supply chain quality management in manufacturing. Enterprise Information Systems, 15(10), 1418-1437.