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International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Transformation of Sandalwood Leaves (Santalum album) into Nutrient Rich Compound through Vermicomposting

Ritu Nagar , Anurag Titov , Praveesh Bhati

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-2,Issue-3, May - June 2018, Pages 39-45, 10.22161/ijhaf.2.3.3

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It is significant to use renewable resources to maximize crop yields and minimize the environmental risks accompanying with chemical residues. Composting is an age old practice for the biological conversion of organic waste into a humus-like substance which can enhance physical, chemical and biological soil properties. Vermicomposting of leaf litter by Eisenia foetida and Eudrilus eugenia potentially play a substantial role in remediation of organic waste as well as building up of soil fertility for sustainable agriculture. Present study was based on the conversion of Sandal wood leaf waste into nutrient rich best source. Sandal wood leaf were chopped at fine level and later mixed with cattle dung in order to pre composting followed by addition of earthworm.Several factors were also analysed during process. It was found that physical factors viz. pH, temperature moisture content etc. were significantly fluctuating at initial time period but later it was stagnant at constant level. Volume of waste and density were also reduced at the end of process. Colour of waste also turned into black that was good for seed germination but bad for health of earthworm. Final product was found odour less. Present results revealed about favourable condition of addition of earthworm into leaf litter waste and also explore the capability of both earthworm species to degrade leaf litter after semi-digested condition.

Sandalwood leaf litter, vermicompost, physio chemical factors, earthworm.

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