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International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Study of the Macronutrient Elements Content in the Soil at a Fertilizer Experiment with Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)

Dragomir Plamenov , Pavlina Naskova , Plamena Yankova

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-1, Issue-4, November - December 2017, Pages 17-23, 10.22161/ijhaf.1.4.3

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In the current research has been followed the impact of six fertilizer products on the content of macronutrient elements (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) in the soil during a vegetation and after harvesting of the grain-leguminous crop soybean. The experiment is brought out on a training-experimental field of Department „Plant Production“ to Technical university – Varna with variety PR91M10 as per the generally accepted methods for specifying the content of ammonium and nitrate nitrogen, mobile phosphates, absorbable potassium and pH. The agrochemical analyses show that after bringing in of MAP are established higher values of ammonium and nitrate nitrogen in the soil during vegetation of the soybean, while after its harvesting the highest content of ammonium nitrogen is reported in the variant, which has been fertilized with NPK, and of nitrate – with urea. Regardless of the used fertilizer product, after the harvesting of the soybean has been reported lower content of ammonium and nitrate nitrogen. At usage of MAP has been established higher content of mobile phosphates in the soil during vegetation of the soybean and after its harvesting, as the differences between MAP and the rest variants are statistically reliable. The values of phosphorus in the soil after collecting of the soybean are higher in four of the experimental plots, as at the variants, which have been fertilized with fertilizers, containing phosphorus (MAP, DAP and NPK) the difference is more substantial. The statistical analysis has not established proof of the differences between the variants as per content of absorbable potassium in the soil. The tendency is analogous as the exposed at the mobile phosphates, something more, in all variants of the experiment the values after harvesting are higher than the reported during vegetation.

nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, soil, soybean.

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