• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Study of Bioactive Components Present in Oil Extracted from Fenugreek Seed: Review

Ms. Bopalkar Sneha Bahubali , Dr. D. T. Bornare


International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-5,Issue-5, September - October 2021, Pages 14-17, 10.22161/ijhaf.5.5.2

Download | Downloads : 2 | Total View : 305

Article Info: Received: 30 Aug 2020; Received in revised form: 20 Sep 2021; Accepted: 27 Sep 2021; Available online: 01 Oct 2021

Share

A fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is a native of India, and also found in Mediterranean region, southern Europe, Africa and western Asia. These seeds have their importance due to the medicinal properties as well as nutraceutical value present in their chemical composition. This fenugreek seeds were used for treating diabetes, menstrual cramps, cancer, heart related disease, skin and hair fall treatments, high per tension, weight loss, to increase milk supply in women who were breastfeeding. This seeds is found to be abundant in N-Dimethylaminomethyl, 1-ptoprnol, 2, 2-dimethyl-aceto, Aziridine,1,2,3-trimethyl-trans, 2-pentanone,4-hydroxy-4 meth, 2-trimethylsily-1,3-dithiane, 3-0-methyl-d-glucose, d-mannopyranoiside,uronate,Diazidine1,3,3-trimethyl,Methyl 4,8dimethylnonanoate There are numerous methods available on extraction of these compounds right from conventional (Maceration, Percolation, Reflux extraction, Soxhlet extraction, microwave assist extraction, pressurised liquid extraction, super critical fluid extraction, Pulsed electric field extraction, Enzyme assisted extraction, Ultrasound assisted extraction) apart from this some water based extraction technique may also use to extract bioactive compounds from fenugreek seeds. In present article a focus has been given to highlight importance of fenugreek seeds extract in terms of extraction of bioactive compounds and their probable application in the area of food and pharmaceuticals.

Fenugreek seeds, Extraction, Bioactive compounds, Medicinal properties, Food applications.

[1] Kamble, H., Kandhare A.D., Bodhankar S., Mohan, V. and Thakurdesai P. Effect of low molecular weight galactomannans from fenugreek seeds on animal models of diabetes mellitus. Biomedicine & Aging Pathology 2013, 3 (3), 145-151.
[2] Yadav, Umesh C.S., and Baquer, N.Z. Pharmacological effects of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. in health and disease." Pharmaceutical biology, 2014, 52(2), 243-254.
[3] Bilal B.H., Haque R., Parvez S., Pandey S., Sayeed I., and Raisuddin S. Immunomodulatory effects of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) Extract in mice. Int. Immunopharmacol., 2003, 3(2), 257-265.
[4] Srinivasan, K. Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum): A review of health beneficial physiological effects. Food Rev. Int., 2006, 22(2), 203-224.
[5] Genet, S., Kale R.K., and Baquer N.Z. Alterations in antioxidant enzymes and oxidative damage in experimental diabetic rat tissues: effect of vanadate and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum). Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 2002, 236(1), 7-12.
[6] Fezea F.A., Norziah M.H. Effect of extraction solvent on antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of fenugreek seeds (Trigonelaa foenum-graecum) Int. Food Res. J.,2015, 22(3), 1261-1271
[7] Munshi, M., Prajya A., and Kumar P. Physico-Chemical analysis and Fatty Acid Profiling of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seed oil using different solvents." J Oleo Sci. 2020 ess20137.
[8] Ghahdarijani H, Kiyan, Mashayekhiasl N, Amerizadeh A, Jervekani Z.T., and Sadeghi M. Effect of fenugreek consumption on serum lipid profile: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Phytotherapy research 2020, 34(9), 2230-2245
[9] Venkata N., Kalyan C., Swaroop A., Bagchi D., and Bishayee A. A small plant with big benefits: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum‐graecum Linn.) For disease prevention and health promotion. Molecular nutrition & food research 2017, 61(6), 1600950.
[10] Yashin, Alexander, Yashin Y., Xia X., and Nemzer B., Antioxidant activity of spices and their impact on human health: A review. Antioxidants, 2017, 6(3),70.
[11] Zandi, Peiman, Basu S. K., Khatibani L. B., Balogun M. O., Aremu M., Sharma M., Kumar A., Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seed: a review of physiological and biochemical properties and their genetic improvement.Acta Physiologiae Plantarum2015, 37(1), 1714.
[12] Norziah, M. H., Fezea F.A., Bhat R., and Ahmad M., Effect of extraction solvents on antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). International Food Research Journal2015, 22(3), 1261.
[13] Salarbashi, Davoud, Bazeli J., and Rad E.F., Fenugreek seed gum: Biological properties, chemical modifications, and structural analysis–A review. International journal of biological macromolecules2019,138, 386-393.
[14] Wani, Ahmad S., and Kumar P., Fenugreek: A review on its nutraceutical properties and utilization in various food products. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences201817(2),97-106.
[15] Shukla, Kumar A., Kumar M., Bishnoi R., and Jain C.P., Application of Fenugreek Seed Gum: In Novel Drug Delivery.Asian journal of biomaterial research2017, 3(6),1-10.
[16] Khorshidian, Nasim, Asli M.Y., Arab M.,Mirzaie A.A., and Mortazavian A.M. Fenugreek: potential applications as a functional food and nutraceutical.Nutrition and Food Sciences Research, 2016,3(1), 5-16.
[17] Aher R.R., Belge S.A., Kadam S.R., Kharade S.S., Misal A.V., and Yeole P.Therapeutic importance of fenugreek (Trigonellafoenum-graecum L.). A review. J Plant Sci Res2016,3(1), 149.
[18] Balasubramanian, Roselin S.P., Singh K.K., Zachariah J., and Saxena S.N. Postharvest processing and benefits of black pepper, coriander, cinnamon, fenugreek, and turmeric spices. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition2016, 56(10),1585-1607.
[19] Speedy, Andrew W., The FAO animalfeed resources information and training system. In Proceedings of International Conference on Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Towards 2000, 21~ (st)