• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Fadama Crop Farming Enterprise and Poverty Alleviation in Kogi State, Nigeria

A.O. Ejima , C.T. Beeior , U. Ngyugh , S. Afatar

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-3,Issue-6, November - December 2019, Pages 336-345, 10.22161/ijhaf.3.61.4

Download | Downloads : 6 | Total View : 532


Poverty is an affront to the existence of mankind, which must be fought from all angles. This study examines the impact of Fadama crop farming enterprise on poverty alleviation in Kogi State. Questionnaires were administered to 180 households, 90 each to Fadama crop farming and Non-Fadama farming households in the area. Data was analyzed using the relative poverty index and the logit regression model. The relative poverty index using the so-called P.alpha shows that the non-Fadama farming households had higher values of the various dimensions of the incidence of poverty, P0, P1, and P2, than the Fadama crop farming households while the logit regression analysis with the aid of the SPSS packages revealed that five of the nine variables, namely; farm size, household size, annual income, total expenditure and age of the household heads, were statistically significant at 5% level. The study has identified Fadama crop farming enterprise as a means of economic development and poverty alleviation and therefore recommends the development and proper management of the vast Fadama resources and potential in Kogi State and Nigeria at large, the enhancement of the income base of the Fadama crop farmers through governments’ deliberate policies/programmes, the provision/subsidization of Fadama farming inputs as well as education/public enlightenment of the Fadama crop farmers. Finally, suggestions for further studies on the impact of Fadama farming generally on poverty alleviation and the role of other enterprises such as the small scale industries/businesses on poverty alleviation in the study area were proffered.

Crop Farming and Poverty Alleviation.

[1] Alegieuno, J and J. A. A. Attah (2005). Poverty Reduction Through Micro-finance: The case of Indonesia and Philippines in Bullion, a publication of Central Bank of Nigeria. Vol. 30 No. 3 July – September PP 1 – 10
[2] Akuneye, P.A., A.O. Dipeolu, and S.O. Akinbode (2007) Income generating potentials of Street food vending businesses in Ogun State, Nigeria International Journal of Vegetable Science 13(2):63-72.
[3] Aigbokhan, I. O. (2000)Growth, inequality and poverty in Nigeria: Paper Presented at United Nations Economic commission.
[4] Central Bank of Nigeria, C.B.N. (2000) Changing structure of Nigerian economy and Implications for development, Realm Communications Ltd, Lagos
[5] Federal Government of Nigeria (2002)National Core Welfare Indicators Survey, conducted in Kogi State, Nigeria. www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/nada/index.php/catalog/
[6] Federal Office of Statistics, (1999) Poverty and Agricultural Sector in Nigeria: Poverty Incidence of Farmers by Region. Abuja, Nigeria, October, Pp 4-33
[7] Foster, J, Greer, J and Thorbocke, E (1984). A Class of the Decomposable Poverty Measure” Economics, 52(3); 761-766.http://www.worldbank.org/nigeria.April 3
[8] Igue, N. N. (2005). Achieving the Millennium Development Goal of Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger in Nigeria: Achievements, constraints and prognosis in Bullion, a publication of Central Bank of Nigeria. Vol. 30, No. 3. July – September PP. 74-87
[9] Kogi State Agency for Poverty Reduction (2004). Operational Principles and Conditions for Project Funding. November, Pp 1
[10] National Bureau of Statistics (2005). Poverty Profile for Nigeria.Federal Republic of Nigeria Pp 1-98.
[11] National Bureau of Statistics (2005). The Nigerian Statistical fact sheets on economic and Social development, Pp 115.
[12] Olaitan, M. A. (2005). Poverty Reduction Through Micro-financing: The Case of Pakistan in Bullion, a Publication of Central Bank of Nigeria. Vol. 30, No. 3. July – September PP 32-38
[13] Ramakrishma, G and A Demeke (2002).An Empirical analysis of Food Insecurity in Ethiopia: The Case of North Wello. Africa Development, Vol. xxvii, No. 1 & 2, PP. 127 – 143.
[14] Ogunmola, D. and Isiaka, A .B. (2000) Meeting the Challenges of the Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria: Problems, Possibilities, and Prospects,
[15] School of Humanities, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
[16] World Bank (1992). Staff Appraisal Report, Federal Republic of Nigeria National Fadama Development Project. Pp. 21-27.
[17] World Bank (2006). “Nigeria” Report on Nigeria. http://www.worldbank.org/nigeria.April 3
[18] Yusuf, O. (2005) Economics Analysis of ‘Egusi’ Melon Production in Okehi Local Government Area of Kogi State, M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Pp40