• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Evaluation of intercropping efficiency and profitability on Okra-Cowpea based cropping system in Chitwan district, Nepal

Sudip Regmi , Manoj Paudel , Samir Kunwar

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-3,Issue-6, November - December 2019, Pages 358-363, 10.22161/ijhaf.3.61.6

Download | Downloads : 11 | Total View : 518


A field experiment was conducted in vegetable research farm of Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan to study the intercropping efficiency of okra and cowpea. The experiment was arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four replications. One row of okra and two rows of okra was intercropped with cowpea. Data collected was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the least significant difference (LSD) test was carried out at the 5% probability level. Intercropping efficiency was measured using Total okra yield equivalent, Land Equivalent Ratio, Percentage land saved and Land Equivalent Coefficient. Result revealed that 1:1 intercropping system as most efficient one that gave highest yield of 21.15 ton/ha with LER of 1.48 saving 32.43% of land. Economic analysis was also carried out using benefit to cost ratio analysis. Sole cowpea gave highest B: C ratio of 1.47 followed by 1:1 intercropping with the value of 1.37 and least B: C ratio was found in sole okra. This study suggested that 1:1 intercropping as beneficial and is recommended for okra growers while sole cropping is recommended for cowpea growing farmers.

Cowpea, Intercropping, Land Equivalent Ratio, Okra, Yield Equivalent.

[1] Adeoye, G. S. (2005). Evaluation of naturally decomposed solid waste from municipal dump sites for their manorial value in southwest. Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 26(4), 143-152.
[2] Adesogan, A. T., Salawu, M. B., & Deaville, E. (2000). The effect on voluntary feed intake, in vivo digestibility and nitrogen balance in sheep of feeding grass silage or pea-wheat intercrops differing in pea to wheat ratio and maturity. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 96, 161-173.
[3] Adetiloye, P. O., Ezedinma, F., & Okigbo, B. (1983). A land equivalent coefficient (LEC) concept for the evaluation of competitive and productive interactions in simple to complex crop mixtures. Ecological Modelling, 19(1), 27-39. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3800(83)90068-6
[4] Ajayi, E. O., Adeoye, I. B., & Shittu, O. A. (2017). ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF INTERCROPPING OKRA WITH LEGUMES. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 62(2), 193-202.
[5] Andrew, D. J., & Kassam, A. H. (1976). The importance of multiple cropping in increasing world food supplies cropping. American Society of Agronomy, 27, 1-10.
[6] Eskandari, H., Ghanbari , A., & Javanmard, A. (2009). Intercropping of cereals and legumes for forage production. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 1(10), 7-13.
[7] Matusso, J. M., Mugwe, J. N., & Mucheru-Muna, M. (2014). Potential role of cereal-legume intercropping systems in integrated soil fertility management in smallholder farming systems of Sub-Saharan Africa. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, 3(3), 162-174.
[8] Mousavi, S. R., & Eskandari, H. (2011). A General Overview on Intercropping and Its Advantages in Sustainable Agriculture. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci, 1(11), 482-486.
[9] Ofosu-Anim, J., & Limbani, N. V. (2007). Effect of Intercropping on the Growth and Yield of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) and Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Moench. Internation Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9(4).
[10] Paudel, M. N. (2016). Multiple Cropping for Raising Productivity and Farm Income of Small Farmers. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council, 2, 37-45.
[11] Reddy , T. Y., & Reddi, G. H. (2002). Priciples of Agronomy (Second ed.). New Delhi, India: Kalayani Publisher .
[12] Seran, T. H., & Brintha, I. (2009). Biological and economic Efficiency of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) intercropped with vegetable amaranthus (Amaranthus tricolor L.). The Open Horticulture Journal,, 2, 17-21.
[13] Singh, N. B., Singh, P. P., & Nair, K. P. (1986). Effect of Legume Intercropping on Enrichment of Soil Nitrogen, Bacterial Activity and Productivity of Associated Maize Crops. Experimental Agriculture, 22(4), 339-344. doi:10.1017/S0014479700014587
[14] Sullivan, P. (2001). Intercropping Principles and Production Practices. Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA).
[15] Usman, S. (2001). Seed production and quality of okra as affected by sowing time. Seed Research, 29(1), 47-51.
[16] Vandermeer, J. H. (1989). The Ecology of Intercropping. Cambridge University Press. doi:https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511623523
[17] Willey, R. W. (1979). Intercropping: Its importance and research needs. Part 1, competition and yield advantages. (Vol. 32). Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
[18] Yildirim, E., & Guvenc, I. (2005). Intercropping based on cauliflower: more productive, profitable and highly sustainable. European Journal of Agronomy, 22(1), 11-18. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2003.11.003