• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635 (NAAS Rating: 3.43)

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Effect of Greenhouse Cooling Methods on the Growth and Yield of Tomato in a Mediterranean Climate


International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-2,Issue-6, November - December 2018, Pages 199-207, 10.22161/ijhaf.2.6.1

Download | Downloads : 10 | Total View : 1879


Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plant was grown in three different greenhouses during the first period (May-August), second period (March-July) and the third period (August-November). The cooling methods used in greenhouses covered with polyethylene film were Fog and natural ventilation (Fog+NV) system in the first greenhouse, a Fan and pad cooling (FP) system in the second greenhouse, and natural ventilation (NV) system in the third greenhouse. Temperature inside the greenhouse was not suitable for plant growth when outside temperature was around 40 °C. The PD system reduced the inside temperatures up to 15 °C depending on the outside temperature and kept the greenhouse inside temperature within the appropriate ranges for plant growth. Yield per plant, marketable fruit percentage and marketable fruit yield obtained in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd periods for Fog+NV treatment were 1734.83, 2568.11 and 2376.30 g plant-1, 67.20, 72.00 and 58.20% and 1165.81, 1849.04 and 1383.00 g plant-1, for FP treatment 2187.51, 3525.69 and 4028.21 g plant-1, 80.00, 81.60 and 85.20% and 1750.00, 2876.96 and 3432.03 g plant-1, for NV treatment 1281.77, 1961.13 and 1314.07 g plant-1, 60.00, 64.00 and 55.20% and 769.06, 1176.68 and 725.37 g plant-1, respectively. The results revealed that proper designed FP systems reduced the high temperatures inside the greenhouse and increased tomatoes yield compared to the other two treatments.

Cooling effect, Fan pad, fogging, natural ventilation.

[1] A.A. Sapounas, Ch. Nikita-Martzopoulou, T. Bartzanas, and C. Kittas, 2008. Fan and Pad Evaporative Cooling System for Greenhouses: Evaluation of a Numerical and Analytical Model. Acta Hortic., 797: 131-137.
[2] J.J. Hanan, W.L. Holley, and K.L. Goldberry, 1978. Greenhouse Management. Advances Series in Agricultural Sciences, Springer-Verlag, pp.490.
[3] A.H. Abdelmageed, N. Gruda, and B. Geyer, 2003. Effect of High Temperature and Heat Shock on Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Genotypes under Controlled Conditions. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, Göttingen, Germany, pp.1-7.
[4] K. Abak, S. Çürük, 1995. Adaptation to humid high temperature, pollen vitality and germination capabilities of some tomato genotypes under Cukurova Conditions, Adana, Turkey. Second National Horticulture Congress of Turkey, Adana, Turkey. (in Turkish).
[5] A. Sevgican, 2002. Undercover (greenhouse) vegetable farming. Publications of Ege University Faculty of Agriculture. No: 528-526. (in Turkish)
[6] S.R. Adams, K.E. Cockshull, C.R.J. Cave, 2001. Effects of temperature on the growth and development of tomato fruits. Ann. Bot. 88: 869–877.
[7] D. Morales, P. Rodriguez, J. Dell’Amico, E. Nicolas, A. Torrecillas and M.J. Sanchez-Blanco, 2003. High-temperature preconditioning and thermal shock imposition affects water relations, gas exchange and root hydraulic conductivity in Tomato. Biol. Planta. 47, 6–12.
[8] M. Peet, S. Sato, C. Cle´mente, and E. Pressman, 2003. Heat stress increases sensitivity of pollen, fruit and seed production in tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) to non-optimal vapor pressure deficits. Acta Hortic. 618: 209–215.
[9] V. Kleinhenz, K. Katroschan, F. Schütt, and H. Stützel, 2006. Biomass Accumulation and Partitioning of Tomato under Protected Cultivation in the Humid Tropics. Europ. J. Hort. Sci., 71 (4):173–182.
[10] A. Arbel, O. Yekutieli, and M. Barak, 1999. Performance of a Fog System for Cooling Greenhouses. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, (72): 129-136.
[11] H.H. Öztürk, 2003. Evaporative Cooling Efficiency of a Fogging System for Greenhouses. Turk. J. Agric. For., (27): 49-57.
[12] C. Kittas, T. Bartzanas, and A. Jaffrin, 2003. Temperature Gradients in a Partially Shaded Large Greenhouse Equipped with Evaporative Cooling Pads. Biosystems Engineering, 85 (1): 87-94.
[13] P.A. Davies, 2005. A Solar Cooling System for Greenhouse Food Production in Hot Climates. Solar Energy, (79): 661-668s.
[14] M. Fuchs, E. Dayan, and E. Presnov, 2006. Evaporative Cooling of a Ventilated Greenhouse Rose Crop Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 138: 203–215.
[15] S. Li, and D.H. Willits, 2008. Comparing Low-Pressure and High-Pressure Fogging Systems in Naturally Ventilated Greenhouses. Biosystems Engineering, (101): 69-77.
[16] J.F.J., Max, J.H. Walter, U.N. Mutwiwa, and H.J. Tantau, 2009. Effects of Greenhouse Cooling Method on Growth, Fruit Yield and Quality of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in a Tropical Climate. Scientia Horticulturae, 122: 179-186.
[17] ASAE, 1994. Plants: Greenhouses, Growth Chambers and Other Facilities. ASAE Fundamentals Handbook (SI), Michigan, 49085-9659 USA.
[18] R.W. Bottcher, G.R. Baughman, and D.J. Kesler, 1989. Evaporative Cooling Using a Pneumatic Misting System. Trans. ASAE, 32: 671-676.
[19] TS, 2004. TS 794 Notification on the Mandatory Implementation of Tomato Standard in Foreign Trade. (in Turkish)
[20] J.I. Montero, T.H.Short, R.B.Curry, and W.L. Bauerle, 1981. Influence of Evaporative Cooling Systems on Greenhouse Environment. ASAE, 81: 4027-4033.
[21] G.A. Giacomelli, 1993. Evaporative Cooling for Temperature Control and Uniformity. ISHS International Workshop on Cooling Systems for Greenhouses, Israel. pp. 152–160
[22] H. Harmanto, J. Tantau, and V.M. Salokhe, 2006. Optimization of Ventilation Opening Area of a Naturally Ventilated Net Greenhouse in a Humid Tropical Environment. Acta Hortic. 719, 165-172.
[23] M. Coelho, F. Baptista, V. Fitas da Cruz, and J.L., Garcia, 2006. Comparison of Four Natural Ventilation Systems in a Mediterranean Greenhouse. International Symposium on Greenhouse Cooling. Acta Hortic. 719, 157-164
[24] Ü. Şahin, A. Özdeniz, A. Zülkadir, and R. Alan, 1998. The Effects of Different Growing Media on Yield, Quality and Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Grown and Irrigated by Drip Irrigation Method Under the Greenhouses Conditions. Tr. J. of Agriculture and Forestry (22): 71-79.
[25] H. Ünlü, 2001. Effects of Different Hanging Methods and Mulch Use in Open Pole Tomato Cultivation on Plant Growth, Yield and Yield Components. Master Thesis. Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey. (in Turkey)
[26] E. Çolpan, 2011. The Effects of Potassium Applications on Yield and Yield Components of Pool Tomatoes (Lycopersicon Esculentum L. Var. Lightning). Master Thesis. Selçuk University. Konya, Turkey. (in Turkish)
[27] E. Gomez, J. Costa, M. Amo, A. Alvarruiz, M. Picazo, and E.J. Pardo, 2001. Physicochemical and Colorimetric Evaluation of Local Varieties of Tomato Grown in Spain. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 81: 1101-1105.
[28] A. Raffo, C. Leonardi, V. Fogliano, P. Ambrosino, M. Salucci, L. Gennaro, R. Bugianesi, F. Giuffrida, and G. Quaglia, 2002. Nutritional Value of Cherry Tomatoes (lycopersicon esculantum Cv. Naomi F1) Harvested at Different Ripening Stages. Agricultural and Food chemistry, 50: 6550-6556.
[29] I. Martínez-Valverde M.J. Perıago, G. Provan, and A. Chesson, 2002, Phenolic Compounds, Lycopene and Antioxidant Activity in Commercial Varieties of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). J Sci Food Agr, 82: 323-30.
[30] F. Şen, A. Uğur, M.K. Bozokalfa, D. Eşiyok, and K. Boztok, 2004. Determination of Yield, Quality and Storage Properties of Some Greenhouse Tomato Cultivars. Ege Univ. Journal of Agricultura Faculty, 41 (2): 9-17.
[31] D. Kaur, R. Sharma, A.A. Wani, S. Gill, and D.S. Sogi, 2006. Physicochemical Changes in Seven Tomato (Lycopersicon esculantum). Cultivars during Ripening. İnternational Journal of Food Properties, 9: 747-757.
[32] R. Toor, and G.P. Savage, 2006. Effect of Semi-Drying on the Antioxidant Components of Tomatoes. Food Chemistry, 94: 90-97.
[33] A. Özbahçe, and H. Padem, 2007. The Determination of Some Processing Tomato Varieties Having Suitable Superior Yield and Technological Properties in Isparta Ecological Conditions. Süleyman Demirel University, Journal of Institute of Science and Technology, 11(2), 128-133.
[34] N. Turhan, 2007. Determination of Some Chemical Properties of Tomato Varieties Grown in Erzurum Prince and Its Districts. Master Thesis. Erzurum, Turkey. (in Turkish)
[35] A. Bozköylü, 2008. Comparison of Chemical and Organic Fertilization in Soilless Tomato Cultivation. Master Thesis. Adana, Turkey. (in Turkish)
[36] Y. Tüzel, H. Duyar, G.B. Öztekin, and A. Gül, 2009. Effects of tomato rootstocks on plant growth, temperature sum requirements, yield and quality in different planting dates. Ege Üniv. Agric Fac. Journ., 46 (2): 79-92. (in Turkish).
[37] K. Ulukapı, N. Ercan, and A.N. Onus, 2009. Effects of Different Training Systems and Planting Densities on Yield and Quality of M19 F1Tomato Cultivar. Akdeniz Univ. Journal of Agricultural Fac., 22(2): 233-238.
[38] M.M. Maboko, C.P. Du Plooy, and I. Bertling, 2010. Performance of Tomato Cultivars in Temperature and Non- Temperature Controlled Plastic Tunnels. Acta Hortic. 927, 405-411.
[39] D. Zhang, Z. Zhang J. Li, Y. Chang, Q. Du, and T. Pan, 2015. Regulation of Vapor Pressure Deficit by Greenhouse Micro-Fog Systems Improved Growth and Productivity of Tomato via Enhancing Photosynthesis during Summer Season. PLoS ONE, 10(7):1-16.