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International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Effect of Greenhouse Cooling Methods on the Growth and Yield of Tomato in a Mediterranean Climate


International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-2,Issue-6, November - December 2018, Pages 199-207, 10.22161/ijhaf.2.6.1

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Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plant was grown in three different greenhouses during the first period (May-August), second period (March-July) and the third period (August-November). The cooling methods used in greenhouses covered with polyethylene film were Fog and natural ventilation (Fog+NV) system in the first greenhouse, a Fan and pad cooling (FP) system in the second greenhouse, and natural ventilation (NV) system in the third greenhouse. Temperature inside the greenhouse was not suitable for plant growth when outside temperature was around 40 °C. The PD system reduced the inside temperatures up to 15 °C depending on the outside temperature and kept the greenhouse inside temperature within the appropriate ranges for plant growth. Yield per plant, marketable fruit percentage and marketable fruit yield obtained in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd periods for Fog+NV treatment were 1734.83, 2568.11 and 2376.30 g plant-1, 67.20, 72.00 and 58.20% and 1165.81, 1849.04 and 1383.00 g plant-1, for FP treatment 2187.51, 3525.69 and 4028.21 g plant-1, 80.00, 81.60 and 85.20% and 1750.00, 2876.96 and 3432.03 g plant-1, for NV treatment 1281.77, 1961.13 and 1314.07 g plant-1, 60.00, 64.00 and 55.20% and 769.06, 1176.68 and 725.37 g plant-1, respectively. The results revealed that proper designed FP systems reduced the high temperatures inside the greenhouse and increased tomatoes yield compared to the other two treatments.

Cooling effect, Fan pad, fogging, natural ventilation.

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