• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Economics of production and egg quality characteristics of Layer Chickens Fed Diets Containing Prosopis Africana Seed Coat Meal Treated with Polyzyme®

M.O. Odeh , C. T. Beeior , F.B.P Abang

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-3,Issue-6, November - December 2019, Pages 328-335, 10.22161/ijhaf.3.61.3

Download | Downloads : 4 | Total View : 493


The study evaluated the effect of prosopis africana seed coat meal (PASCM) on the economics of production and egg quality characteristics of three hundred (300) Nera brown layer chickens thatwere fed for 39 weeks. The birds were randomly allotted to 5 experimental diets with 3 replications of 20 birds each. The diets were formulated with the inclusion of PASCM at 0, 15, 20, 25 and 30% levels for treatments T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively and the data collected were subjected to analysis of Variance in a completely randomized design. Results obtained showed that in the economics of egg production, egg/hen/day, egg sales/day (₦) and profit/day (₦) decreased with increased PASCM inclusion in the diets. While most of the egg quality parameters were affected (P < 0.05) by the dietary treatments, except egg weight, egg length, shell thickness and egg shape index. The economics of production and egg quality characteristics showed that 20% PASCM inclusion level resulted in optimum production and hence this level is recommended for adoption.

PASCM, Pullet Layer Chickens, economics of Production and egg quality characteristics.

[1] Abang, F.B.P, Ikwume T. and Ira-Ibor, B.O (2016). Cancass and Organ Characteristics of growing Japanese quail (coturnix coturnix japonics) fed diets containing boiled Prosopisafricana seed coat meal. Global Journal of Agriculture Research, 4(6); 1-6.
[2] Abu, D. O. 2016). Carcass and organ characteristics of broiler chickens fed Prosopis africana pod meal treated with rumen content. B. Agric., Department of Animal Production, College of Animal Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
[3] Adeyemi, O. A., Agunbiade, J. A. and Oyefeso, A. O. (2009). Performance and early lay characteristics of growing pullets. In: Nigeria Poultry (Ola, S. I., Jegede, A. V. and Fafiolu, A. O., Eds.). Official Journal of the Worlds’ poultryScience Association-Nigeria Branch, 6: 24 – 31.
[4] Aduku, A. O. (1993). Tropical feedstuff analysis Table. Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, ABU, Samaru, Zaria, Nigeria.
[5] Aina, A. B. J. (1990). Replacing maize with cassava peels in finisher ration of cockerels. The effect on Cut off-pieces of the eviscerated cassava. Nigeria Journal of Animal Production, Vol. 17:17 – 22.
[6] Akinola, L. A. F. and Ekine, O. A. (2018). Evaluation of commercial layer feeds and their impact on performance and egg quality. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, 20(2): 222 – 231.
[7] Aletor V.A (2005) Alternative energy and protein feed resources in livestock feeding. A Revisit of Possibilities and Annual Conference of Annual Science Association of Nigeria held at the University of Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State 13th September, 2005.
[8] AOAC (2000).Official Methods of Analysis.17thEdition.Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, D.C.
[9] Bedford, M. R. and Morgan, A. J. (1996). The use of enzymes in poultry diets. World Poultry Science Journal, 52: 61 – 68.
[10] Chesson, A. (1993). Feed Enzyme. Animal Feed Science Technology, 45: 65-79.
[11] Classen, H.L. (1996). Cereal grain starch and exogenous enzymes in poultry diets. Animal Feed Science Technology, 62: 21-22.
[12] Dafwang, I.I and Shwarmen, E.B.N. (1996). Utilization of rice offal in practical rations for broiler chicks. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 23:21-23.
[13] Diarra, S.S., Kwari, I.O and Ubosi C.O. (2002). Potential of millet bran as substitute for wheat bran in broiler chicken diets. Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Environment, 4: 165 – 169.
[14] Esonu, B. O. (2000). Animal Nutrition and Feeding:A Functional Apprroach. Rukzeal and Ruksons Associate Memorial Press, Oweri, Nigeria.
[15] Eruvbetine D., Tajudeem I.O ., Asdeosu, A.T. and Oloyede, A.A. (2003). Cassava (Manihot esculenta) leaf and tuber concentrate diets for broiler chickens. Bio-resources Technology, 86: 277 – 281.
[16] Fagbenro, O. A. and Adebayo, O. T. (2000). Areview of the animal and aquatic industries in Nigeria. FAO Corporate Document Repository.
[17] Idowu, O. M.O, Idowu, O. A., Oso, A. O., Fafiolu, A. O., Sule, R., Sorongbe, A. and Eruvbetine, D.(2006). Performance of laying hens fed cassava root wastes. Nigerian Poultry Science Journal, 4: 48-55. World’s Poultry Science Association –Nigerian Branch.
[18] Kamdoon, I.B. (2015).The effect of feeding treated Prosopis africana seed coat meal on the haematological parameters of laying Japnese quails (Coturnix coturnix Japonics). B. Agric., Department of Ainmal Production, College of Animal Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
[19] Kwari, I.D. (2008). Alternative energy feed resources in feeding poultry. Ph.D. Non-Thesis seminar. A paper presented at the Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
[20] Lakurbe, O. A., Doma, U. D., Bello, K. M. and Abuber, M. (2018). Carcass characteristics and blood components of broiler chickens fed sorghum SK-5912 (Sorghum bicolor I. Moeneh) variety in mixture with different plant protein sources. Nigerian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 20(2):250 – 257.
[21] Lesson, S. and summers, J. D. (1997). Commercial Poultry Nutrition. 2nd ed. University Books, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada; feeding programs for broilers. Pp. 207 – 254.
[22] Minitab (2014). Minitab statistical software manual. C. Version. Release 16, New York Media Cybernetics.
[23] Musa, R. R. and Olarinde, L. O. (2008). Cost and return implications in poultry farming in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State. In: Animal Agriculture towards Millennium Development in Nigeria(Adeyemi, O. A., Ogungbean, R. M., Dada, R. O., Emolorunda, O. O., Awojibi, H. A., Ore, O. B. and Agunbiade, J. A. eds.). Proceeding of the 33rd Annual conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal production held at the College of Agricultural Science, OlabisiOnabanjo University, Ogun State, Nigeria, Pp. 312-315.
[24] Njoku, V. O. and Obi, C.(2009). Phytochemical constituents of some selected medical plants. Academic Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 3(11):228-233.
[25] Odeh, M. O., Igwebuike, J. U., Ubosi, C. O. and Akwukwaegbu, S. E. (2012). Performance, digestibility and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed with graded levels of rice milling waste. Katsina-Ala Multidisciplinary Journal, 1 (2):38- 50.
[26] Oju (2003). Oju physical online, Oju LGA, Benue State SA3. Last edited on September 2015,at20:41,Time Zone WAT (CTC+1). Oju Physical Setting Online. Com 29 Jan.
[27] Okoeguale, A. W. and Eruvbetine, D. (2009). Performance and egg quality characteristics layers fed enzyme supplemented with unpeeled cassava root meal based diets. Poultry industry in West Africa. In: Towards Millennium Development Goals (Ola, S.I., Fafiolu, A. O. and Fatufe, A. A. Eds.). Book of Proceeding, 3rd Nigerian International Poultry Summit. Pp. 114 – 118.
[28] Oladunjoye, I. O., O Jebiyi, O. O. and Odunsi, A. A. (2008). Performance characteristics and egg quality of laying chickens fed lye treated cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz) peel meal. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN), 15th – 19th September. ABU, Zaria, Kaduna State.
[29] Oluyemi, J. A. and Roberts, F. A. (2000). Poultry production in Warm wet climates, 2nd Edition, spectrum Book Ltd, spectrum House Ring Road Ibadan, Nigeria, 176Pp.
[30] Pauzenga, U. (1985). Feeding parent stock. Zoo-tech. International, Pp. 22-25.
[31] Sanni, O.M. (2015). The effect of Iron tree (Prosopis africana) sees meal on the performance characteristics of laying Japanese quails (coturnic coturnix Japonica:. B. Agriculture, Department of Annual Production. Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
[32] Shamwol, E. L. (2015). Economic production of laying Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) fed treated Prosopis africana seed coat meal. B. Agric., Department of Animal Production, College of Animal Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
[33] Storey, J. A. and Furumoto, E. J. (1990). Dietary fibre and bile acid metabolism. Pages 364 – 365. In: dietary fibre Chemistry, Physiology and Health effects. Eds. Kritchevsky, D., Bonfield, C. and Anderson, J. W. Plenum Press; N. Y.
[34] Torres, A. A., Pizauro, J. M., Sores, Silvo, T. G. A. and Nogueira, W. C. L.(2013). Effects of corn replacement by sorghum in broiler chicks on performance and internal muscosa integrity. Poultry Sciences, 9: 1564 – 1571.
[35] Yusuf, A.L. Tukur H.M., Abubakar, A. and Olarede, B. (2008). Energy requirement of layer chicks in a serni-and environment. Repositioning Animal Agriculture for the Realiszation of National Vision 2020. In: Proceeding of the 13th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN) (Bawa, G.S., Akpa, G.N., Jokthan, G.E., Kabir, M. and Abu, S.B., Eds.), September, Pp. 15 – 19.
[36] Yunusa, Y., Doma, U. D., Zahraddreen, D., Umar, A. and Abubar, S. B. (2014). Carcass and gut characteristics of broiler chickensfed different energy sources. International Journal of Poultry Sciences, 13(9): 525 – 529.