• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8635

International Journal Of Horticulture, Agriculture And Food Science(IJHAF)

Breadfruit Research and opportunities for Future Commercial Development

Azubuike Chris Umezuruike

International Journal of Horticulture, Agriculture and Food science(IJHAF), Vol-3,Issue-4, July - August 2019, Pages 165-172, 10.22161/ijhaf.3.4.2

Download | Downloads : 5 | Total View : 950


African breadfruit (Treculia africana) is a foodcrop tree with enermous potentials for domestic and industrial uses. African breadfruit seeds are highly priced product. Research studies on African breadfruit seeds are mostly basics with limited contribution of information on the commercial opportunities within breadfruit seed industry.This study evaluated the state of research, challenges and prospects of African breadfruit seed industry with the objectives of identifying commercially viable opportunities that should drive future research studies to profit researchers, seed processors and national economy. .Forty-four (44) journal papers comprising of research articles and communications on African breadfruits were randomly selected and reviewed. Other research papers in areas of economic opportunity were also consulted. Focus was on nutritioonal contributions, utilization, research direction, limitations to commercialization and opportunities of African breadfruit seeds. Results showed that research trend in breadfruit seeds is still basic with limited studies on technological advancement for mechanized seed processing, seed propagation and absence of industrial funded studies.Results showed that 13.64%, 47.73%, 18.18%,20.45% were on technology development, chemical composition assays, novel foods/sensory evaluation of formulated Novel foods and supplementation studies respectively. Some product specific machines have been developed for mechanized dehulling of African breadfruit seeds but still at the point of prototypes. These prototypes could be refined through entrepreneurial investments for enhanced efficiency .Few studies (4.05 %) were on commercialization of African breadfruits. The low awareness about the commercial profile of African breadfruit is attributable to fewer available research information on commercial profile of African breadfruit. Globally market opportunities exist for African breadfruit seed oil as domestic oil, bio-lubricants, bio fuels, whole seed meals for confectionaries and animal feedstock.African breadfruit seed flour has important diet therapy properties for the management of some physiological stress conditions. Purpose driven translational studies are expedient to exploit these opportunities. Government, research institutes, universities and entrepreneurs have critical roles for commercial advancement of the breadfruits industry.

African breadfruit, Research trends, Opportunities,uses.

[1] Adewuyi, A. Oderinde, R. A. and D. F. K, Ojo.2012.Biodiesel from seed oil of Treculia Africana with high free fatty acid content. Biomass Conver. Bio ref .2:305-308. dio.10.1007/513399.012.0057-Z
[2] Anosike, N., Brown, E. and C. Maduka.2016.Performance Evaluation of a Prototype breadfruit seeds dehulling machine. 4: 11-8.
[3] Nwaigbo, S. C., Achebe, C. H., Chinwuko, E. C. and D. A. Tagbo 2008.Design of Breadfruit shelling Machine .2: 1-16. Dio.org/10.4314/afrrev.v214.41079.
[4] Adhavaraya, A., Erhan, S. Z., and J.M Perez.2004.Tribological studies on thermal and chemical modified vegetable oils for use as environmentally friendly lubricant wear. 257: 359 – 367.
[5] Adumanya, O. C., Akuma, T. O., Onwusonye, J. C. and Obi-Adumanya, .2013 Effects of Traditional Process methods on minerals content of African breadfruit (Treculia Africana) seeds. Intl Res. J.4.:23-26.
[6] Agu H. U ,Ago JA, Paul.AM and F. Folorunsho. 2007.Quality characteristics of biscuits made from wheat and African breadfruit (Treculia Africans) Nig.Food.J.25. www.ajol.info/journal/ nifoj.
[7] Ajayi, I. A. 2008.Comparative study of the chemical composition and mineral element content of Artcarpus heterophyllis and Treculia Africana seeds and seed oils. Bioresource Technol. 99 :5125-5129.
[8] Akande, KE. and E.F. Fabiyi.2010.Effects of Processing Methods on some nutritional factors in legumes seeds for poultry feeding. International Journal of Poultry Science. 9:996-1001.
[9] Aniebeomo, S. O., Omorodion, L. and F. C. Igbesi.2013.Development and Performance of a dehulling machine for African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) J. Eng. and Applied Sci. 5:312-35.
[10] Appalasani, S. and R. J. de vries.1990.The future of palm oil. Dev. 1990.14 18-29.
[11] Arawande, JO. Oluwasani, AI and B.L Adewumi . 2009.Nutritional significance of husked and dehusked seeds of African breadfruit and characteristics of its oil.J. Res. Int. Nat. Dev. 7:1 – 5.
[12] Balogun AM and BL Fatuga. 1986.Chemical composition of some exploited leguminous crops in Nigeria. J.Agric. And Food Chen.34.189-93.
[13] Chinedu, E. Sanni, S., Theresa N. and A. Ebere .2018. Effect of domestic cooking on the starch digestibility predicted glycemic indices, polyphenol content and alpha amylase inhibitory and properties of beans (phaseolis vilgaris) and breadfruit (Areculia africana). Intl. Journal Bio. Macromol.
[14] Chukwunda, F. A. and U. S. Offor.2015.Studies of seed borne pathogens of African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) Intl. J. Agric. Earth Sci. 1:90-96.
[15] Ejiofor, M. A. N., Obiajulu, O.R. and J.C. Okafor.2012. Diversity utilities of African breadfruit as food and feed. Intl. Tree crops J. 5:125-134.
[16] Enwere, NJ.1998. Food of Plant Origin. Afro Orbis Pub. Nsukka.1998. 194 – 199.
[17] Ezengige, G. 2016. African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) popularly known as Ukwa in Igbo is an Amazing Health Food. .Available.www.Healthbubbles.com/igb/2992
[18] FAO, Food and Agricultural Organization. 2015.Traditional crops of the month. FAO Rome.Available,www.fao.org/traditinal crops/breadfruits. Accessed 15-04-2016.
[19] Fassasi, OS., Eleyimmi, AF. Fasasi AR and O. R. Karim .2003.Chemical properties of raw and processed breadfruits (Treculia african) seed flour. J. Food. Agric. Env. .1459 – 1465.
[20] Gilbert, R. 2016.Protein source for the Animal feed Industry. The World Animal Feed Industry.Available.www.fao.org>tempref>docreps.
[21] Habereder, T. Moore D. and M.Lang.2009.Eco-requirements for lubrication additives: In lubrication additives chemistry and application. Ruduick, L. R. (ed) 2009.CRC Press. Florida USA.
[22] Ifediba, D. L. and E. C. Nwafor. 2027.Nutritional and Sensory evaluation of African breadfruit-corn yoghurt. Afri. J. Food Sci. 12 : 73-79.
[23] Igawrilow, I. 2004. Oleochemicals. Inform. 15 : 702 – 705.Available .www.Igawrilow@aol.com. Accessed 21/12/2016.
[24] Igwillo, U. C., Eze P. C. and C. N. Eze.2017.Selected physical and aerodynamic properties of African breadfruit (Treculia africana) seeds from south East Nigeria. J. Exp. Res. 5:7-17
[25] Jon Van gerpen and Gerhard Knothe.2015..Bioenergy and Biofuels from soybeans. Dio.org/10.1016/5978-893997.64-6.500019.-6-499-538.
[26] Lafond G.P,Irvine B, and AM Johnson. 2005.Impact of agronomic factors on seed yield formation and quality in flax. Canadian J. Plant Sci.2005.88.
[27] Meza, A. .2006. Selecting lubricant based on specification. Machinery lubrication. Noria Corporation. Available www.machinerylubricaion.com/read/30390.
[28] Mojekwu, C., Ugwumba, C. O. A. and S. A.N.D. Chidobele, 2017.Marketing of African breadfruit seeds (Treculia africana) in Anambra State Nigeria. Schl. J. Agric. Sci. 4:167-174.
[29] Monro HM.1978.Nutritional consequences of excessive amino acid intake. Adv.Exp Med.Bio.105:119- 9
[30] Nuga O. O and Ofodile.2010.Potentials of Treculia africana, Decne. An endangered specie of Southern Nigeria. J. Agric. Soc Sci. Res. 2010.10.:91-98.
[31] Nwabueze, T. U. and K. S. Okocha,2008. Extraction performances and polar and Non-polar solvents of the physical and chemical indices of African breadfruit (Treculia Africana) seed oil. A. J. Food Sci. 2:119-125.
[32] Nwabueze, T. U.2011.African breadfruit (Treculia africana) Seed Physical Dimensions Considerable for kernel cleaning and seed type selections. J. Food Eng.2011. 35 (5). Dio.org/10.1111/J1745-4530.2010.00614x
[33] Nwabueze, T.U.2009.Kernel extraction and Mechanical efficiency in dehulling parboiled African Breadfruit (Treculia africana) Seeds. J. Food Quality. 32: 669-683.
[34] Nwokocha L.M. and O.Ugbomoiko .2008. Effect of parboiling on the composition and physiochemical properties of Treculia Africans seeds. Pakistan J. Nutri.7:317-320.
[35] Nwozo, S. O., Talabi, O. J. and B. E. Oyinloye.2014. Treculia Africana seed oil compounded feed in male rats: Nutritional and Toxicological evaluation. 7:115-121.
[36] Nzekwe, U., Ojeifor, I. M and H. E. Nworie.2013.Effect of storage durations and method on the shelflife of the seeds of African breadfruit (Trecuia africana Decne. Intl. J. Sci. Res. 3 :15-21.
[37] Nzekwe, U., Ojeifor, I. M. and H. E. Nworie, 2010. Assessment of the gestation period and Economic yield of African breadfruit. Decne. J. trop. Agric. Food Environ. Extn. 9: 18-23.
[38] Obasa, Alegbeleyo, W. O., Akinyemi, A. A., Idowu, A. A. et al.,. 2013.Replacement of maize meal by toasted African breadfruit (Treculia africana) seed meal in the diet of Claris garie pinus Fingerlings. Res. Rural Dev. 25:Obas 25108.
[39] Odozie, E. C. Amusa, N. A., Oyedeji, O.F., Adebusuyi, G. A. et al.2017.Effects of Rhizobacterium pseudomona species on Root formation of Treculia Africana stem cutting. J. Forest Resource Manage. 14:46-54.
[40] Olapade, A. A. and U. C. Umeonuora.2014 . Chemical and sensory evaluation of Africana breadfruit (Treculia africana) seeds processed with Alum, and Trona. Nig. Food. J.2014. 32: 80-88.
[41] Osabor V. N., Ogar, D. A., Okafor, P. C. and G. E. Egbuna .2015. Profile of the African breadfruit (Treculia africana). Pak. J. Nutr.8: 1005-1008.
[42] Petkova S Y and G N Antova.2015.Changes in the composition of Pumpkin seeds (Gicubita moschata) during development and maturation. Grades Aceit.66:058
[43] STASTICAstatistics.Available.stastic.com/statistics/263937/vegetable oils/global
[44] Ugwu FM and C Ekwu. 1996.Studies in the nutritional quality of some diets of breadfruit. Conference proceedings. Annual conference of Nigeria Institute of Food Science and Technologists. Lagos Vol 3 Book of Abstracts.
[45] Ulocha, O. B., A. U. Udeagha, S. I., Udofia and C. I., Duruigbo .2016. Socio-economic Contributions of African breadfruit (Treculia africana) towards sustainable livelihood in Eastern Nigeria. J. Res. Forestry wildlife. Environ.8:40-57.
[46] Umezuruike A C and T.U.Nwabueze. 2016.Optimization and Assessment of the physiochemical properties and use of Roasted Breadfruit (Treculia African)seeds oil. Sky J Agric Research.5:168-173.
[47] Umezuruike A C and. T.U Nwabueze .2017. Extraction and characterization of bio lubricant properties of breadfruit oil as substitute for mineral oil lubrication of food machines. Afr. J. Food Sci.7;
[48] Umezuruike A.C and T U .Nwabueze.2017.Nutritional and Health potentials of the seasonal changes in some Nutrients, Anti nutrients and minerals of Treculia africana food crop. Am J. Foodsci. Technol.2018.6:12-18. DOI:10.12691/ajfst-61-3
[49] Umezuruike, A. C., J. Ndife, and C. Nwachukwu .2018. Characterization of effect modulated dry heat processing conditions on essential and non-essential amino acid profile of unseasoned breadfruit (V. decne) snack seeds. J. Food. Env. Security. XVII:372-384
[50] Uzo, C. V., O. O. Oranusi, S. U. Braide, W., Orji., Onuoha et al., 2017. Effect of Retting of African Breadfruit pulp on the oil characteristics of the seeds. J. Microb. Biochem. Tech. 9: 280-284.
[51] Xu, Y., Zheng, X., Yin, Y., Huang, J. and X, Hu .2014. Comparison and analysis of the influence of test conditions on the tribological properties of emulsified bio-oils. Tribols let.5;543-552
[52] www.FAO.org. 2018. OCED/FAO. Agricultural outlook 2017-2026.Agricultural Statistics. doi.dx.org./10.178/.Available.www.Agr.out.data.en Accessed March 20,2018.
[53] www.ifif.org. 2017. IFIF . Global Feed Statistics. Annual report. International Feed Industry Federation. Available. http./ ifif.org/global-feed/statistics. Accessed March 20,2019.