• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8791

International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Influence of Traditional Beliefs on the Conservation of Pan troglodytes ellioti: Case Study, Kimbi-Fungom National Park and Kom-Wum Forest Reserve, NW Region, Cameroon

Mvo Denis Chuo , TSI Evaristus Angwafo

Download | Downloads : 6 | Total View : 2368

DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.1.3.1

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)


The influence of traditional beliefs associated to the conservation of Pan troglodytes ellioti in the Kimbi-Fungom National Park and Kom-Wum Forest Reserve (K-WFR), NW Region of Cameroon, was undertaken to explore respondent’s knowledge of chimpanzee and investigate their awareness of, and attitudes toward, traditional beliefs, taboos and cultural laws associated with them. To investigate the power and influence of traditional beliefs and practices on the conservation of Pan troglodytes ellioti in the study areas. Methodology of study involves the use of interviewer-administered questionnaire survey, personal interview, group discussion and through simple observations. From the result, (99%) of respondents were aware of the presence of chimpanzee. An overall, 69 % of respondents “agreed” that “there exist traditional beliefs relating to Pan troglodytes ellioti. More than half (55%) of the respondents were aware of the existence of taboos that prohibit the hunting and eating of chimpanzee in their villages. Less than half of the interviewees 43% reported that they are hunters who still hunt chimpanzees but in hidings. Increasing population, high poverty rate and modern hunting equipments, likewise, the introduction of new cultural practices that demands the used of chimpanzee’s body part/meat for rituals/medicinal remains greater threat to chimpanzee in the study areas. As such, traditional beliefs, taboos/cultural laws both old and new should be revive and encourage through traditional council and effective social organizations as valuable conservation tool for the remaining Pan troglodytes ellioti in the study areas.

Traditional beliefs, conservation, Pan troglodyte ellioti, K-FNP, K-WFR.

[1] Akindele, S.O., 2010. Forest Restoration through Traditional Institutions in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects. From http://www.cfc2010.org/papers/session13/ Akindele-s13.pdf
[2] Berkes. F., Colding, J., Folke, C., 2000. Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management. Ecol. Appl. 10:1251– 1262.
[3] Caldecott, J., Mills, L., Nelleman, C., 2005. Challenges to great ape survival. Pages 217”234 in J. Caldecott, and L. Mills, editors. World atlas of great apes and their conservation. University of California Press, Los Angeles, California, USA.
[4] Centre for Indigenous Resources Management and Development (CIRMAD, 2015): Field surveys on the medicinal wildlife species of the North West Region of Cameroon; their usages and the means of acquisition: Sean Mowbray and Chelsea Love (UN Online Volunteering Service)
[5] Charnley, S., A. P. Fischer, and E. T. Jones. (2007). Integrating traditional and local ecological knowledge into forest biodiversity conservation in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management 246:14–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j.foreco.2007.03.047
[6] Chuo, Mvo. Denis. (2014). Status of Large mammls in the black bush area of Waindo: Case of Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and Bufallo (Syncerus caffre) North West Region-Camerron. Unpublished M.Sc Thesis: University of Dschang.
[7] Chuo, M.D., Tsi, E.A., 2017. Status of large mammals: case study of gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehi), chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) and buffalo (Syncerus caffer), Menchum South, NW Cameroon. International Journal of Environment Agriculture and Biotechnology 2(4), pp.1523-1539.
[8] Colding, J. and C. Folke. (2001). Social taboos: "Invisible" systems of local resource management and biological conservation. Ecological Applications 11:584-600.
[9] Doumbé OA. (2014). “Habitat Mapping of the Babanki-Finge Forest, and Survey on the Rarest Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) in the Bamenda Highlands, North-West Cameroon” university of Roehampton, London
[10] Egbe, S.E., 2001. The law, communities and wildlife management in Cameroon. Rural Development Forestry Network, Overseas Development Institute, London, UK.
[11] Ekinde, A., Ashu, M. and Groves, J. S. (2005). Preliminary ape surveys around the Fungom forest reserve and Furuawa Sub Division, North West province, Cameroon. Wildlife Conservation Society, Cross River Gorilla Project. 45pp.
[12] Etiendem, D. N., L. Hens, and Z. Pereboom. (2011). Traditional knowledge systems and the conservation of Cross River gorillas: a case study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon. Ecology and Society 16(3):22.
[13] Hens, L. 2006. Indigenous knowledge and biodiversity conservation and management in Ghana. Journal of Human Ecology 21–30 pp.
[14] International Institute for Environment and Development 1992. Environmental Synopsis of Ghana. Overseas Development Administration. p.28.
[15] Jimoh, S.O., Ikyaagba, E.T., Alarape, A.A., Obioha, E.E., Adeyemi, A.A., 2012. The Role of Traditional Laws and Taboos in Wildlife Conservation in the Oban Hill Sector of Cross River National Park (CRNP), Nigeria. J Hum Ecol, 39(3): 209-219.
[16] Jones, J.G., Andriamarovololona, M.M., Hockley, N., 2008. The importance of taboos and social norms to conservation in Madagascar. Conservation Biology, 22: 976-986.
[17] Kakati, L.N, Doulo, V., 2002. Indigenous Knowledge System of Nagal and India. J. Hum Ecol. 13(6): 419-423.
[18] Kobina, E.D., Kofi A.A., 2009. Change and Continuity: Using Indigenous Knowledge to Achieve Environmental Sustainability in Ghana. Paper presented at the 7th International Science Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change held in Germany, Bonn, on 26th -30th April, 2009 on the Theme. The Social Challenges of Global Change. From (Retrieved January 5, 2011).
[19] Lingard, M., Raharison, N., Rabakonandrianina, E., Rakotoarisoa, J., Elmqvist, T., 2003.The role of local taboos in conservation and management of species: The radiated tortoise in Southern Madagascar: Conservation and Society, 1: 223-246.
[20] Morgan B., Adeleke A., Bassey T., Bergl R., Dunn A., Fotso R., Gadsby E., Gonder K., Greengrass E., Koutou Koulagna D., Mbah G., Nicholas A., Oates J., Omeni F., Saidu Y., Sommer V., Sunderlnad-Groves J., Tuebou J. and Williason E. (2011). Regional Action Plan for the Conservation of The Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group and Zoological Society of San Diego, CA, USA.
[21] Oates, J.F., Tutin, C.E.G., Humle, T., Wilson, M.L., Baillie, J.E.M., Balmforth, Z., Blom, A., Boesch, C., Cox, D., Davenport, T., Dunn, A., Dupain, J., Duvall, C., Ellis, C.M., Farmer, K.H., Gatti, S., Greengrass, E., Hart, J., Herbinger, I., Hicks, C., Hunt, K.D., Kamenya, S., Maisels, F., Mitani, J.C., Moore, J., Morgan, B.J., Morgan, D.B., Nakamura, M., Nixon, S., Plumptre, A.J., Reynolds, V., Stokes, E.J., Walsh, P.D. 2008a. Pan troglodytes. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4.Website: . Accessed: 31 October 2010.
[22] Obasohan, E.E., 2008. Fisheries biodiversity: The role of a traditional taboo/ritual prohibition in the management and conservation of the fish resources of Ibiekuma Stream in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria. Bioscience Research Communications, 20: 257-264
[23] Rim-Rukeh, A., Irerhievwie, G., Agbozu, I.E., 2013.Traditional beliefs and conservation of natural resources: Evidences from selected communities in Delta State, Nigeria International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation Vol. 5(7), pp. 426-432,
[24] Rose, L.A., Mittermeier, R.A., Langrand, O., Okyeame, A., Butynski, T.M., 2003. Consuming nature: a photo essay on African rain forest exploitation. Altisima Press, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Carlifornia, USA.
[25] Saj, T.L., Mather, C., Sicotte, P., 2006. Traditional taboos in biological conservation: The case of Colobus vellerosus at the Boabeng-Fiema Monkey Sanctuary, Central Ghana. Soc Sci Inform, 45: 285-310.
[26] Shastri, C.M, Bhat, D.M., Nagaraja, B.C., Murali., K.S, Ravindranath, N.H., 2002. Tree species diversity in a village ecosystem in Uttara Kannada district in Western Ghats, Karnataka. Curr. Sci. 82:1080-1084.
[27] Taah, N. P., Miles, L., Caldecott, J., 2005. Africa: Republic of Cameroon. Pages 305”313 in J. Caldecott., Mills, L., editors. World atlas of greatapes and their conservation. University of California Press, Los Angeles, California, USA.
[28] Tengo, M., Johansson, K., Rakotondrasoa, F., Lundberg, J., Andriamaherilala, J.A., 2007. Taboos and forest governance: Informal protection of hot spot dry forest in Southern Madagascar. Ambio, 36(8): 683-691.
[29] Tsi, E.A and Chuo, M.V. 2016. Contributions of Indigenous Knowledge of Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehi), Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes ellioti) and Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) Conservation, in Waindow, North West Cameroon. Annual Research & Review in Biology 11(2): 1-14.
[30] Turner, N.J., Ignace, M.B, Ignace, R., 2000. Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Wisdom of Aboriginal Peoples in British Columbia. Ecol. Appl. 10(5):1275–1287
[31] United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD). (2007). Pachamama: a traditional knowledge newsletter of the Convention on Biological Diversity. CBD1. [online] URL: www. cbd.int/doc/newsletters/news-8j-01-low-en.pdf.