• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8791

International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Effect of different growth media on sprouting and early growth of cutting-propagated Cordiaafricana (Lam.)

Titus Fondo Ambebe , Agbor Emoh Wilsilia Agbor , C.H. Sime Siohdjie

Download | Downloads : 6 | Total View : 1931

DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.2.1.4

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)


Cordiaafricana(Lam.)is an economically and ecologically important component tree species of the Bamenda Highlands Forest which is under threat from over-exploitation. There is a need to develop high quality planting stock for increased availability and sustainability of the species. A study was carried out at the National Forestry Development Agency (ANAFOR) in Bamenda, North West of Cameroon, to evaluate the effect ofgrowth medium on sprouting and growth of vegetatively propagated C.africana(Lam.). Hardwood cuttings from lower branches of trees were grown in sand, sawdust, and a 1:1 sand: sawdust mixture in a non-mist propagator for three months. Data on percentage sprouting, days to sprouting, number of shoots, shoot height, stem diameter, stem volume, number of leaves, leaf length, leaf width, and leaf area were subjected to analysis of variance(ANOVA) and Scheffé’s multiple means comparison test at 5% level of probability. While sawdust significantly reduced values of all the plant traits, no significant differences were detected between sand and the sand: sawdust mixture. The results show that sand and 1:1 sawdust: sand are suitable alternatives for propagation of C. africana(Lam.)from branch cuttings.

Cordiaafricana(Lam.), morphology, non-mist propagator, sprouting, substrate.

[1] Akwatulira, F., Samson, G., John, B.L.O., Paul, S., Susan, B.T., John, R.M. and Alice, M. (2011). Influence of rooting media and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) concentration on rooting and shoot formation of Warburgiaugandensis stem cuttings. African Journal of Plant Science 5: 424-428.
[2] Alemayehu, G., Asfaw, Z. andKelbessa, E. (2016).Cordiaafricana (Boraginaceae) in Ethiopia: A review of its taxonomy, distribution, ethnobotany and conservation status. International Journal of Botany Studies 1: 38-46.
[3] Alikhani, L., Ansari, K., Jamnezhad, M. and Tabatabaie, Z. (2011). The effect of different mediums and cuttings on growth and rooting of pomegranate cuttings. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology 1:199-203.
[4] Ambebe, T.F.,Akenji, M.J. and Njoya, M.T.M. (2017). Growth responses of branch cuttings of Cordiaafricana to physiological age. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 9: 91-97.
[5] Aphalo, P., Rikala, R. (2003). Field performance of silver-birch planting-stock grown at different spacing and in containers of different volume. New Forests 25: 93-108.
[6] Ashiono, F.A. Wangechi, H.K. and Kinyanjui, M.J. (2017). Effects of sawdust, forest soil and cow dung mixtures on growth characteristics of blue gum (Eucalyptus saligna) seedlings in South Kinangop Forest, Nyandarua, Kenya. Open Journal of Forestry 7: 373-387.
[7] Baiyeri, K.P. (2005). Response of Musa species to macro-propagation: II: The effects of genotype, initiation and weaning media on sucker growth and quality in the nursery. African Journal of Biotechnology 4:229-234.
[8] Bhardwaj, D.R., Singh, R., Lal, H., Nath, V. and Singh A.K. (2017). Effect of node number and auxin concentration on propagation of ivy gourd (CocciniacordifoliaCogn) through stem cuttings. Vegetos 30:1.
[9] Caspa, R.G., Biloso, A., Akalakou, C., Mafolo, J., Tsobeng, A., Kouodiekong, L. and Tchoundjeu, Z. (2014).Nursery substrates and provenances influence rooting performance of juvenile, single-node vine cuttings of GnetumafricanumWelw. (Gnetaceae).AFRIKA FOCUS 27: 7-21.
[10] Dawa, S., Rather, Z.A., Tundup, P. and Tamchos, T. (2017). Effect of growth regulators and growth media on rooting of semi hardwood cuttings of rose root stocks. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Studies 6: 1042-1051.
[11] Dolor, D. (2011). Effect of propagation media on the germination and seedling performance of Irvingiawombolu (Vermoesen). American Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Sciences 1: 51-56.
[12] FAO (2007). Ecocrop Cordiaafricana. http://ecocrop.fao.org. Accessed 07. 01. 2018.
[13] Fonteno, W.C., Nelson, P.V. (1990). Physical properties of plant responses to rockwool amended media. Journal of theAmerican Society for Horticultural Science115: 375-381.
[14] Hassanein, A.M.A. (2013). Factors influencing plant propagation efficiency via stem cuttings. Journal of Horticultural Science and Ornamental Plants 5(3): 171-176
[15] Khayyat, M., Nazari, F. and Salehi, H. (2007). Effect of different pot mixtures on pothos (EpipremnumAureum L. And Andre ‘Golden Pothos’) growth and development. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences 2:341-348.
[16] Kramer, P.J., Kozlowski, T.T. (2014). Physiology of woody plants. Academic Press, San Diego, California.
[17] Leakey, R.R.B. (1990). Naucleadiderrichii: rooting of stem cuttings, clonal variation in shoot dominance and branch plagiotropism. Trees 4: 164-169.
[18] Loach, K. (1986). Rooting of cuttings in relation to propagation medium. Proceedings of the International Plant Propagators’ Society 35:472-485.
[19] Maundu, P.M., Tengnäs, B. and Birnie, A. (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya. Technical Handbook No. 35. World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi.
[20] Mosissa, F., Toru, T. (2016).Effect of soil composition on seedling growth and quality of
Cordiaafricana at Holetta in the Central High Lands of Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 6: 34-41.
[21] Obeng, E.A. (2010). Cordiaafricana Lam. [Internet] Record from PROTA4U. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., Louppe, D. and Oteng-Amoako, A.A. (Editors). PROTA (Plant Resources of Topical Africa/Ressourcesvégétales de l’Afriquetropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Accessed 07.01.2018.
[22] Ofodile, E.A.U., Chima, U.D. and Udo, E.F. (2013). Effect of different growth media on foliage production and root growth in GongronemalatifoliaBenth stem cuttings. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 3: 215-221.
[23] Poykko, T. (1981). Observations on the effect of selection at the seedling phase, M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Plant Breeding, University of Helsinki.
[24] Raga, D.,Denu, D. (2017). Population density of Cordiaafricana Lam. across land
use gradients in Jimma Highlands, southwest Ethiopia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research 35: 157-166.
[25] Rana, R.S.,Sood, K.K. (2012). Effect of cutting diameter and hormonal application on the propagation of Ficusroxburghii Wall. through branch cuttings. Annals of Forest Research 55: 69-84.
[26] Santoso, B.B.,Parwata, I GM. A. (2014). Seedling Growth from Stem Cutting with Different Physiological Ages of JatrophacurcasL. of West Nusa Tenggara Genotypes. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology 4: 5-10.
[27] Schmidt-Vogt, H. (1981). Morphological and physiological characteristics of planting stock: present state of research and research tasks for the future, in: Proceedings of IUFRO XVII World Congress, Kyoto, Japan, Divison 1, pp. 433-446.
[28] Shah, M., Khattak, A.M. and ul Amin, N. (2006). Effect of different growing media on the rooting of Ficusninnendijkii ‘amstelqueen’cuttings. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 1(3): 15-17.
[29] South, D.B., Menzies M.I. and Holden D.G. (2005). Stock size affects out planting survival and early growth of fascicle cuttings of Pinusradiata. New Forests 29: 273-288.
[30] Tchinda, N.D., Messi, H.J.C.M., Fotso, Nzweundji, G., Tsabang, N., Dongmo, B., Oumar, D., Tarkang, P.A., Caver, A. and Ndoumou, D.O. (2013). Improving propagation methods of RicinodendronheudelottiBaill. from cuttings. South African Journal of Botany 88: 3-9.
[31] Teklay, A., Abera, B. and Giday, M. (2013). An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in
KilteAwulaelo District, Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9: 65.
[32] Usman, I.A.,Akinyele, A.O. (2015). Effects of growth media and hormones on the sprouting and rooting ability of Massulariaacuminata (G. Don) Bullock ex Hoyl. Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment 7:137-146.
[33] Washa, B.W. (2014). Effective cutting type in the rooting of Dalbergiamelanoxylon in Tanzania. International Journal ofAgriScience4: 256-259.
[34] Waziri, M.S., Kyari, B.A., Ibrahim, M., Apagu, B., Yunana, B., Askira, M.N. and Benisheikh, B.A. (2015). Effect of different soil media on the rooting and growth of Delonixregia stem cuttings in Maiduguri. International Journal of Innovative Agriculture & Biology Research 3:6-11.
[35] Weather Spark (2018). Average weather in Babanki, Cameroon. https://weatherspark.com. Accessed 15.01.2018.
[36] Wiersema, J.H., León, B. (2016). World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference, 2nd Edition. CRC Press.
[37] World Weather Online(2018). Big Babanki monthly climate averages, Nord-Ouèst, Cameroon. https://worldweatheronline.com. Accessed 15.01.2018.
[38] Yeboah, J.S.T.L.,Amoah, F.M. (2009). The rooting performance of Shea tree (Vitellariaparadoxa C.F. Gaertn) cuttings leached in water and application of rooting hormone in different media. Journal of Plant Sciences 4: 10-14.
[39] Yerima, B.P.K., Tiamgne, Y.A., Fokou, L., Tziemi, T.C.M.A. and Van Ranst, E. (2015). Effect of substrates on germination and seedling emergence of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) at the Yongka Western Highlands Research/Garden Park, Bamenda – Cameroon. TROPICULTURA 33: 91-100.