• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8791

International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Aspects of life-history strategy of Marcusenius senegalensis (Pisces: Osteoglossiformes: Mormyridae; Steindachner, 1870) from Niger River in Northern Benin

Kayode Nambil Adjibade , Alphonse Adite , Hamidou Arame , Antoine Chikou , Youssouf Abou

Download | Downloads : 8 | Total View : 1258

DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.4.1.1

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)


Marcusenius senegalensis (Steindachner, 1870) is the dominant mormyrid in Niger River in Northern-Benin where this fish species constitutes an important component of artisanal fisheries. The current study documented the reproductive biology of M. senegalensis in order to contribute to management and sustainable exploitation. Monthly samplings were conducted between February 2015 and July 2016 using gillnets, cast net, and seine. Males dominated the population with a sex-ratio of 1:0.96 in favor of males. Sizes at first sexual maturity were 167.89 mm-TL for males and 163.81 mm-TL for females. Monthly gonadosomatic index (GSI) averaged 0.12 ± 0.09 for males and 1.32 ± 1.56 for female and peaks recorded indicated that spawning occured from June to September. Fecundity were moderate to low (844 – 12,643 eggs) and significantly (p < 0.05) increased with total length and body weight. The species showed egg diameters varying between 0.21 and to 1.77 mm and ovaries comprised oocytes at all stages (II-IV) of maturation indicating that M. senegalensis displayed a multi-spawning behavior. M. senegalensis displayed a life history strategy between r and K, yet more inclined towards K-selected strategy. In Niger River, reproduction grounds were being severely degraded. The current findings are valuable data to design a species management scheme that should includes spawning ground protection, species conservation and valorization and fisheries/aquaculture development.

K-selected, management, Marcusenius senegalensis, multi-spawning, spawning grounds.

[1] Aboubacar, A., Humphrey, S. (2007). Atlas Bassin du Niger. Autorité du bassin du Niger, ABN, Niamey. 68p
[2] Adite, A., Gbaguidi, H.M.A.G., Ategbo, J.-M. (2017). Reproductive Biology and Life History Patterns of the Claroteid, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (Lacepede: 1803) from a Man-made Lake in Southern Benin. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 12, 106–116. doi:10.3923/jfas.2017.106.116
[3] Adjibade, K.N., Adite, A., Arame, H., Sidi Imorou, R., Sonon, S.P. (2019a). Biodiversity and Community Structure of Mormyridae (Pisces: Teleostei: Osteoglossiformes) from Niger River in Northern Benin: Threats, Conservation and Valorization Perspectives. International Journal of Sciences, 8, 106–116. doi:10.18483/ijSci.2068
[4] Adjibade, K.N., Adite, A., Arame, H., Sidi Imorou, R., Sonon, S.P. (2019b). Feeding ecology of Marcusenius senegalensis (Pisces : Osteoglossiformes : Mormyridae ; Steindachner, 1870) from Niger River at Malanville (North-Benin). International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 7, 86–92.
[5] Albaret, J. (1982). Reproduction et fécondité des poissons d’eau douce de Côte d’ivoire. Revue d’Hydrobiologie Tropicale, 15, 347–371.
[6] Atse, B.C., Konan, K.J., Kouassi, N.J. (2009). Biologie de la reproduction du Cichlidae Tylochromis jentinki dans la lagune Ébrié (Côte d’Ivoire). Cybium, 33, 11–19.
[7] Bigorne, R. (2003). 15. Mormyridae, in: Paugy, D., Lévêque, C., Teugels, G.G. (Eds.), Faune des Poissons d’eaux Douces et Saumâtres de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, Volume 1. MNHN/Tervuren, MRAC, Paris, pp. 154–222.
[8] Blake, B.F. (1977). Aspects of the reproductive biology of Hippopotamyrus pictus from Lake Kainji, with notes on four other mormyrid species. Journal of Fish Biology 11, 437–445. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.1977.tb04138.x
[9] Boden, G., Teugels, G.G., Hopkins, C.D. (1997). A systematic revision of the large-scaled Marcusenius with description of a new species from Cameroon (Teleostei; Osteoglossomorpha; Mormyridae). Journal of Natural History, 31, 1645–1682. doi:10.1080/00222939700770881
[10] Giora, J., Tarasconi, H.M., Fialho, C.B. (2014). Reproduction and Feeding of the Electric Fish Brachyhypopomus gauderio (Gymnotiformes : Hypopomidae) and the Discussion of a Life History Pattern for Gymnotiforms from High Latitudes. Plos ONE, 9, 1–11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106515
[11] Hopkins, C.D. (1986). Behavior of Mormyridae, in: Bullock, T.H., Heiligenberg, W. (Eds.), Electroreception. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York, pp. 527–576.
[12] Hopkins, C.D. (1981). On the Diversity of Electric Signals in a Community of Mormyrid Electric Fish in West Africa. American Zoologist 21, 211–222.
[13] Hosmer, D.W., Lemesgow, S. (1989). Applied Logistic Regression, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, New York.
[14] Idowu, E.O. (2017). Cyclical changes in the histology of the gonads (ovary and testes) of African pike, Hepsetus odoe. African Journal of Biotechnology, 16, 1032–1041. doi:10.5897/AJB2017.15939
[15] Jégu, M., Lévêque, C. (1984). Le genre Marcusenius (Pisces, Mormyridae) en Afrique de l’Ouest. Revue d’Hydrobiologie Tropicale, 17, 335–358.
[16] Kirschbaum, F., Schugardt, C. (2002). Reproductive strategies and developmental aspects in mormyrid and gymnotiform fishes. Journal of Physiology, - Paris 96, 557–566. doi:10.1016/S0928-4257(03)00011-1
[17] Koba, G. (2005). Les pratiques de pêches dans le Fleuve Niger au Benin et leurs impacts sur la faune ichtyologique. Mémoire de DEA en Gestion de l’Environnement. Université d’Abomey-Calavi. 73p.
[18] Kolding, J., Tirasin, E.M., Karenge, L. (1992). Growth, mortality, maturity and length-weight parameters of Fishes in Lake Kariba, Africa. The Iclarm quartely 15, 39–41.
[19] Kramer, B. (1997). A field study of African elephantfish (Mormyridae, Teleostei): electric organ discharges in Marcusenius macrolepidotus (Peters, 1852) and Petrocephalus catostoma (Günther, 1866) as related to sex. Journal of African Zoology, 111, 313–341.
[20] Laë, R., Williams, S., Massou, A.M., Morand, P., Mikolasek, O. (2003). Review of the present state of knowledge of environment, fish stocks and fisheries of the River Niger (West Africa).
[21] Lamml, M., Kramer, B. (2007). Allopatric differentiation in the acoustic communication of a weakly electric fish from southern Africa, Marcusenius macrolepidotus (Mormyridae, Teleostei). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 385–399. doi:10.1007/s00265-006-0267-0
[22] Lévêque, C., Paugy, D. (2006). Les poissons des eaux continentales Africaines Diversité, écologie, utilisation par l’homme, IRD. ed. Paris, 520p.
[23] Moritz, T., Laleye, P.A., Koba, G., Linsenmair, K.E. (2006). An annotated list of the fishes from the River Niger at Malanville, Benin, with notes on the local fisheries. Verhandlung der Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie, 5, 95–110.
[24] Moyle, P.B., Cech, J.J.J. (2004). Fishes : An Introduction to Ichthyology, 5th ed. Prentice Hall Press, New Jersey.
[25] Nawar, G. (1959). Observations on breeding of six members of the Nile Mormyridae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 2, 493–504. doi:10.1080/00222935908650882
[26] Nikolsky, G.V. (1963). The Ecology of Fishes. Academic press, London and New York.
[27] Nwani, C.D., Eyo, J.E., Udeh, E.F. (2006). Food and feeding habits of Campylomormyrus tamandua in Anambra river, Nigeria. Animal Research International, 3, 410–414.
[28] Nzeh, C.G., Lawal, A. (2012). Condition Factor, Gonadosomatic Index and Sex Ratio of the Family Mormyridae from a Small Lake in Ilorin, Nigeria. World Journal of Zoology, 7, 102–105. doi:10.5829/idosi.wjz.2012.7.2.6350
[29] Obota, C.O., Fulanda, B.M., Okemwa, G.M., Kimani, E.N. (2016). Reproductive biology and body condition of exploited populations of Emperor Angelfish, Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787) along the Kenyan Coast. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 15, 19–30.
[30] Oduol, C.H.O. (1986). The biology of a Mormyrid fish Mormyrus kannume (Forskal, 1776) in a tropical man-made lake: lake kamburu. Master of Science Thesis, University of Nairobi.
[31] Okedi, J. (1970). A Study of the Fecundity of Some Mormyrid Fishes from Lake Victoria. East African Agricultural and Forestery Journal, 35, 436–442. doi:10.1080/00128325.1970.11662433
[32] Olele, N.F. (2013). Food items and general condition of Hyperopisus bebe occidentalis (Lacepede, 1803) caught in Warri River, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 7, 402–409. doi:10.5897/AJEST12.137
[33] Ouattara, M., Diomande, D., Boussou, K.C., Gourène, G. (2010). Stratégies de reproduction de Marcusenius ussheri (Pisces, Mormyridae) en fonction des conditions hydrologiques créées par la construction du barrage hydroélectrique d’Ayamé I sur le cours principal de la rivière Bia (Côte d’Ivoire). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 140, 11–19.
[34] Paugy, D. (2002). Reproductive strategies of fishes in a tropical temporary stream of the Upper Senegal basin : Baoulé River in Mali. Aquatic Living Resources, 15, 25–35.
[35] PDC Malanville. (2006). Monographie de la commune de Malanville. Mission de Decentralisation. Programme d’Appui au Demarrage des Communes. Cotonou, 48p.
[36] Scheffel, A., Kramer, B. (1997). Electrocommunication and Social Behaviour in Marcusenius senegalensis (Mormyridae, Teleostei). Ethology, 106, 404–420.
[37] Stiassny, M.L.J., Teugels, G.G., Hopkins, C.D. (2007). Poissons d’eaux douces et saumâtres de basse Guinée, ouest de l’Afrique centrale (Volume 2) The Fresh and Brackish Water Fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa, IRD. ed. Paris (France).