• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8791

International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Application of Allometric Equation for Estimating Above-Ground Biomass and Carbon Stock of Urban Trees in Selected Areas of Southern Bénin (West Africa)

Adekanmbi Dende Ibrahim , Issa Moussahoudou , Dansou Bignon Gontran

Article Info: Received: 27 Sep 2022; Received in revised form: 15 Oct 2022; Accepted: 25 Oct 2022; Available online: 31 Oct 2022

Download | Downloads : 6 | Total View : 191

DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.6.5.5

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)


Urban trees play a crucial role and natural role in sequestrating carbon from the atmosphere. This study estimates the above ground biomass, carbon stock and carbon dioxide equivalent of urban trees in southern part of Benin Republic. A complete enumeration of street trees was carried out from which 1119 trees were observed and measured for total height and diameter at breast height. Above ground biomass and carbon stock of trees were estimated using allometric equation, because tree carbon stocks are generally not measured directly whenever the biomass estimation involves rare tree species or trees that are meant for protective and aesthetic purposes. The results of the analysis indicated that the total above ground biomass, carbon stock and carbon dioxide equivalent were 1306.097mt, 613.883mt and 2250.647mt respectively. All trees encountered during data collection belonged to Casuarinaceae, Combretaceae Fabaceae, Myrtaceae, Sterculiaceae, Verbenaceae and Meliaceae families and they comprised eleven different tree species with Khaya senegalensis as the dominant tree species. It can be concluded from this study that the urban trees in southern part of Benin act as a reservoir of atmospheric carbon dioxide and further play important part in the global climate change mitigation.

Allometric Equation, Biomass Accumulation, Carbon Stock, Southern Bénin, Urban trees.

[1] Roy, S., Byrne, J., & Pickering, C., "A systematic quantitative review of urban tree benefits, costs, and assessment methods across cities in different climatic zones.," Urban forestry & urban greening, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 351-363, 2012.
[2] C. C. Konijnendijk, " Cult. Landsc. Urban Woodl, 222,," in The forest and the city, Springer, 2008, pp. 1061-1062.
[3] N. Soonsawad, An Assessment of Ecosystem Services Provided by Public Street Trees in Bangkok, Thailand, Riverside: University of California,, 2014.
[4] Wood, E. M., & Esaian, S. , "The importance of street trees to urban avifauna," Ecological Applications, vol. 30, no. 7, p. e02149, 2020.
[5] Houghton, J. T., Ding, Y. D. J. G., Griggs, D. J., Noguer, M., van der Linden, P. J., Dai, X., ... & Johnson, C. A, Climate change 2001: the scientific basis: contribution of Working Group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2001.
[6] Pachauri, R. K., Gomez-Echeverri, L., & Riahi, K, "Synthesis report: summary for policy makers," 2014.
[7] Mensah, S., Noulekoun, F., & Ago, E. E., "Aboveground tree carbon stocks in West African semi-arid ecosystems: Dominance patterns, size class allocation and structural drivers.," Global Ecology and Conservation, vol. 24, p. e01331, 2020.
[8] Chave, J., Condit, R., Lao, S., Caspersen, J. P., Foster, R. B., & Hubbell, S. P., "Spatial and temporal variation of biomass in a tropical forest: results from a large census plot in Panama," Journal of ecology, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 240-252., 2003.
[9] Aboal, J. R., Arévalo, J. R., & Fernández, Á., " Allometric relationships of different tree species and stand above ground biomass in the Gomera laurel forest (Canary Islands). Flora-Morphology, Distribution," Functional Ecology of Plants , vol. 200, no. 3, pp. 264-274, 2005.
[10] Vashum, K. T., & Jayakumar, S. , " Methods to estimate above-ground biomass and carbon stock in natural forests-a review.," Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography,, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1-7, 2012.
[11] Ravindranath, N. H., & Ostwald, M., "Methods for estimating above-ground biomass," in Carbon inventory methods handbook for greenhouse gas inventory, carbon mitigation and roundwood production projects, vol. 29, Dordrecht, Springer, Dordrecht, 2008, pp. 113-147.
[12] Ketterings, Q. M., Coe, R., van Noordwijk, M., & Palm, C. A., " Reducing uncertainty in the use of allometric biomass equations for predicting above-ground tree biomass in mixed secondary forests," Forest Ecology and management, vol. 146, no. 1-3, pp. 199-209, 2001.
[13] Li, C. P., & Xiao, C. W. , " Above-and belowground biomass of Artemisia ordosica communities in three contrasting habitats of the Mu Us desert, northern China.," Journal of Arid Environments, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 195-207, 2007.
[14] Chave, J., Andalo, C., Brown, S., Cairns, M. A., Chambers, J. Q., Eamus, D., ... & Yamakura, T., " Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests," Oecologia, vol. 145, no. 1, pp. 87-99, 2005.
[15] Chave, J., Réjou‐Méchain, M., Búrquez, A., Chidumayo, E., Colgan, M. S., Delitti, W. B., ... & Vieilledent, G. , " Improved allometric models to estimate the aboveground biomass of tropical trees," Global change biology, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 3177-3190, 2014.
[16] Henry, M., Picard, N., Trotta, C., Manlay, R., Valentini, R., Bernoux, M., & Saint-André, L. , "Estimating tree biomass of sub-Saharan African forests: a review of available allometric equations.," Silva Fennica,, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 477-569, 2011.
[17] Zianis, D., & Mencuccini, M. , "On simplifying allometric analyses of forest biomass," Forest ecology and management, vol. 187, no. 2-3, pp. 311-332, 2004.
[18] Gibbs, H. K., Brown, S., Niles, J. O., & Foley, J. A.) , "Monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon stocks: making REDD a reality.," Environmental research letters 045023., vol. 2, no. 4, (2007.
[19] Chave, J., Condit, R., Aguilar, S., Hernandez, A., Lao, S., & Perez, R.. , "Error propagation and scaling for tropical forest biomass estimates.," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences , vol. 359, no. 1443, pp. 409-420, 2004.
[20] Molto, Q., Rossi, V., & Blanc, L. (, " Error propagation in biomass estimation in tropical forests.," Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 175-183., 2013.
[21] Chave, J., Riéra, B., & Dubois, M. A., "Estimation of biomass in a neotropical forest of French Guiana: spatial and temporal variability," Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 79-96, 2001.
[22] Ekoungoulou, R., Liu, X., Loumeto, J. J., & Ifo, S. A., "Tree above-and below-ground biomass allometries for carbon stocks estimation in secondary forest of Congo.," Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, , vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 09-20. 2014
[23] Henry, M., Besnard, A., Asante, W. A., Eshun, J., Adu-Bredu, S., Valentini, R., ... & Saint-André, L, "Wood density, phytomass variations within and among trees, and allometric equations in a tropical rainforest of Africa.," Forest Ecology and Management , vol. 260, no. 8, pp. 1375-1388, (2010).
[24] Guendehou, G. H. S., Lehtonen, A., Moudachirou, M., Mäkipää, R., & Sinsin, B.,, "Stem biomass and volume models of selected tropical tree species in West Africa. Southern Forests," a Journal of Forest Science, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 77-88., 2012.
[25] Aabeyir, R., Adu-Bredu, S., Agyare, W. A., & Weir, M. J., "Allometric models for estimating aboveground biomass in the tropical woodlands of Ghana, West Africa," Forest Ecosystems, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-23., 2020.
[26] A. M. A., Diversité et fonctions des formations végétales dans la ville de Porto-Novo, Parakou: Université de Parakou,, 2012.
[27] G. Reyes, Wood densities of tropical tree species, vol. 88, USA: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station., 1992.
[28] T. R. Pearson, Measurement guidelines for the sequestration of forest carbon, vol. 18, USA: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, 2007.
[29] Moussa, S., Kyereh, B., Tougiani, A., Kuyah, S., & Saadou, M, "West African Sahelian cities as source of carbon stocks: Evidence from Niger," Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 50, p. 101653, 2019.
[30] Radji, R., Kokou, K., & Akpagana, K., "Woody plant species used in urban forestry in West Africa: Case study in Lome, capital town of Togo," Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, , vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 21-31., 2011.