• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2456-8791

International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Analysis of Value Chain of Cow Milk: The Case of Itang Special Woreda, Gambella, Ethiopia

Sisay Yohannes Gagabo , Kulong Wechtuor Chika , Kenenisa Abdisa Kuse , Bereket Bekele Bora

Article Info: Received: 10 Dec 2023; Received in revised form: 15 Jan 2024; Accepted: 25 Jan 2024; Available online: 05 Feb 2024

Download | Downloads : | Total View : 176

DOI: 10.22161/ijfaf.8.1.3

Journal : International Journal Of Forest, Animal And Fisheries Research(IJFAF)

Share

Ethiopia has a long and rich history of dairy farming, which was mostly carried out by small and marginal farmers who raised cattle, camels, goats, and sheep, among other species, for milk. Finding the Itang Special Woreda cow milk value chain is the study's main goal. In order to gather primary data, 204 smallholder dairy farmer households were randomly selected, and the market concentration ratio was calculated using 20 traders. Descriptive statistics, econometric models, and rank analysis were used to achieve the above specified goals. Out of all the participants in the milk value chain, producers, cafés, hotels, and dairy cooperatives had the largest gross marketing margins, accounting for 100% of the consumer price in channels I and II, 55% in channels III and V, and 25.5% in channels V. The number of children under five, the number of milking cows owned, the amount of money from non-dairy sources, the frequency of extension service contacts, the amount of milk produced each day, and the availability of market information were found to have an impact on smallholders' involvement in the milk market. Numerous obstacles also limited the amount of milk produced and marketed. The poll claims that general health issues, sickness, predators, and a lack of veterinary care are plaguing farmers. In order to address the issue of milk perishability, the researchers recommended the host community and organization to construct an agro milk processor, renovate the dairy cooperative in the study region, and restructure the current conventional marketing to lower the transaction and cost of milk marketing.

Cow Milk, Cost and Margin, Heckman Selection Model, Value Chain

[1] Andualem G. (2015). Assessment of factors and factors affecting milk value chain in smallholder dairy farmers: A case study of Ada’a District, East Shawa Zone of Oromia regional State, Ethiopia”, African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 9 (3): 345-352.
[2] Asrat A, Feleke A, Ermias B . (2016). Characterization of Dairy Cattle Production Systems in and around Wolaita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 6(3): 62-70.
[3] CSA . ( 2012). Crop and Livestock Product Utilization,.
[4] CSA . (2013). Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions at Woreda Level from 2014 – 2017. August 2013 Addis Ababa.
[5] CSA. (2011). Agricultural Sample Survey, 2011. Report on Livestock and livestock characteristics.
[6] CSA. (2011). Annual statistical abstract. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
[7] CSA. (2015). Agricultural Sample Survey 2014/15.
[8] Degife, A. W., Zabel, F., & Mauser, W. (2019). Land use scenarios and their effect on potential crop production: the case of Gambella region, Ethiopia. Agriculture, 9(5), 105.
[9] Deng, Y. (2014). Assessment of hygienic milk production and prevalence of mastitis in dairy cow in Jikawo Woreda of Nuer Zone, Gambella Region, Ethiopia.
[10] Felleke, Getachew, Medhin Woldearegay, and Getnet Haile. ( 2010). Inventory of Dairy Policy. Rep.: Target Business Consultants Plc.
[11] Hansson, L. A., & Tranvik, L. J. (1996). Quantification of invertebrate predation and herbivory in food chains of low complexity. Oecologia, 108(3), 542-551.
[12] Hussien, B. (2020). Production Practices of Ititu (Traditionally Fermented Cow Milk) in Selected District of Borena Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.
[13] Kiros A, Berhan T, Gebeyehu G, Tilaye D. and Fekadu R . (2018). Assessment of Dairy Feed Resources and Feeding Frequencies in Selected Urban and Peri-Urban Areas of Central Highlands of Ethiopia. World Applied Sciences Journal 36 (7): 819-825, 2018.
[14] Kohls.R.L and J.N.Uhl. (1985). Marketing of Agricultural Products.6thEdition, Macmillan -Publishing Company. USA.
[15] Kotrlik, J. W. K. J. W., & Higgins, C. C. H. C. C. (2001). Organizational research: Determining appropriate sample size in survey research appropriate sample size in survey research. Information technology, learning, and performance journal, 19(1), 43.
[16] Mebrate G, Tewodros A, Dawit A. (2019). Dairy Production in Ethiopia - Existing Scenario and Constraints. Biomed J Sci & Tech Res 16(5)-2019. BJSTR. MS.ID.002903.
[17] Misganaw G, Hailemariam F, Mamo D, Tajebe S, Nigussie Y. (2017). Production Potential, Challenges and Prospects of Dairy Cooperatives in Aksum and Adwa Towns, Ethiopia. J Dairy Vet Anim Res 5(6): 00165. DOI: 10.15406/jdvar.2017.05.00165.
[18] Nardos, E. (2010). Determinants, challenges and prospects of dairy production and marketing in Mekelle city. M.Sc. Thesis presented to Mekelle University, Ethiopia.
[19] Office, Itang Special District Agricultural Development. (2017). annual crop assessment report.
[20] Rich, K.M., R.B. Ross, A.D. Baker and A. Negassa,. ( 2011). Quantifying value chain analysis in the context of livestock systems in developing countries. Food Policy, 36: 214-22.
[21] Sharo, T. L. A. A. A., & Wolaita, E (2015). Challenges and Opportunities of Dairy Cattle Production in Selected Districts of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia.
[22] Tafere K. and Worku I. (2015). Consumption Patterns of Livestock Products in Ethiopia: Elasticity Estimates Using HICES 2013/14) Data. Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute —Ethiopia Strategy Support Pr.
[23] Tegegne, A. (2017). A thesis study on “Value Chain Analysis of Milk”: the case of dessie Zuria district, south wollo zone, northern Ethiopia.
[24] Tsegay L, Gebreegziabher Z (2015) Marketing of dairy products in selected districts of Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Marketing and Consumer Research 14: 140-147.
[25] Zelalem Y. (2011 ). Smallholder milk production systems and processing techniques in the central highlands of Ethiopia. MSc thesis. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.