• editor.aipublications@gmail.com
  • Track Your Paper
  • Contact Us
  • ISSN: 2455-5304

International Journal Of Civil, Mechanical And Energy Science(IJCMES)

Analysis of Traffic Law Violations and Traffic Accidents with their Enforcements (In Case of Jimma Town)

Tarekegn Reta Mesfin , Eba Kitata Kenea

International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science (IJCMES), Vol-8,Issue-2, March - April 2022, Pages 1-7, 10.22161/ijcmes.8.2.1

Download | Downloads : 16 | Total View : 811

Article Info: Received: 20 Feb 2022; Received in revised form: 03 Mar 2021; Accepted: 11 Mar 2022; Available online: 07 Apr 2022


More than about 1.24 million of people killed each year due to road traffic crashes worldwide. Out of these deaths, more than one fifth occur among pedestrians Promoting the level of road traffic law enforcement plays a great role in reducing traffic crashes. For assessing of traffic law enforcement, the registered data of traffic violation for the years 2015-2017 were taken from the Traffic Police Department to describe the activities of traffic police personnel in enforcing traffic laws. The violations were categorized into four groups: -those related to driving, vehicle, parking and others, and Traffic Law Enforcement into safety and other traffic law enforcement activities. The types of vehicles involved in the violations were categorized as cars, small load vehicles, motor-cycles, Bajaj and other. Traffic Police had registered a total of 77 traffic-law violation in the year 2015,65 in the year 2016, and 86 in the year 2017. Driving violation was the highest registered violation in the three years, and it was slightly higher in 2017. The categories of cars and small load vehicles were the highest registered vehicles in number of violations with in the three years. For motorized two wheeler vehicles the highest number of registered violation in the three years were the one that related to driving. Out of all vehicle related and other violations were registered more commonly for cars in 2015 and 2016 respectively. From the registered violations, parking related violation was occurred only in 2017. The safety related traffic law enforcement was 89.96 % of the total traffic law enforcement activity.

Driving Violations, Enforcement, Traffic law, Violations.

[1] Central Statistical Agency of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (2015). Statistical Report on Urban Employment-Unemployment Survey, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[2] Muhlrad N (2012). Final Report of WP1 -- Road Safety Policy, Deliverable on the EC FP7 project DaCoTA, European Road Safety Observatory, Brussels.
[3] Özkan, T., & Lajunen, T. (2011). Person and environment: Traffic culture. In B. Porter (Ed.), Handbook of traffic psychology (pp. 179–192). London: Elsevier Ltd.
[4] WHO (2013). Global status report on road safety: Time for action. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO).
[5] World Health Organization (2015). Global Status Report on Road Safety. Available at: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2015/en/.(Accessed December 20, 2017).
[6] Ethiopian Transport Authority (ETA). Total number of vehicles registered 2016. Available from: [Internet].
[7] VichikaIragavarapu, E., (2015), ‘Analysis of injury severity in pedestrian crashes using classification regression trees’, Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Washington D.C,
[8] Moghaddam, F., Moghaddam, T., Khiavi M., and Ghorbani M., (2009), ‘Crash severity modeling in urban highways using backward-regression method’, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology
[9] Damsere-Derry J., Ebel E., Mock. N., Afukaar F., and Donkor P., 2010, ‘Pedestrians’ injury patterns in Ghana’, Accident Analysis & Prevention
[10] Abay, K., 2013, ‘Examining pedestrian-injury severity using alternative disaggregate models’, Research in Transportation Economics.